Traces of the Mayan civilization, which prospered nearly 1,200 years ago and then disappeared mysteriously, are scattered in cities all across Mexico and Central America in the form of pyramids and temples. Some of the most significant of these Mayan architectural sites in Mexico are located along the Yucatan Peninsula and attract travellers from all over the world. People living in Playa del Carmen real estate region are blessed that they live so close to these invaluable heritage.
This was the one of the most remarkable and glorious of ancient Mayan cities. Located midway between the Yucatan capital city of Merida and Cancun, Chichen Itza provides the greatest representation of architecture from the Classic period of A.D. 600 to 800. The site, with extensive views of the region from atop its tallest structures, has been named as one of the New 7 Wonders of The World. With neatly carved pyramids and intriguing observatories, Chichen Itza is one of the most well restored Mayan sites in the Yucatan and holds many thought-provoking insights into one of the world’s most perplexing ancient culture. The Mexican government has revived 18 structures on this site out of which the Temple of Kukalkan, sometimes called El Castillo or the Kukalkan Pyramid, is the most visited. Built around A.D. 1100, this 180-square-foot structure contains four stairways, each with 91 steps, culminating at a single top step at the temple’s entrance. The number of steps adds up to 365 which is equal to the number of days in the Mayan calendar. This building was dedicated to the Plumed Serpent. On the vernal and autumnal equinoxes in March and September every year, visitors can see the sun create a shadow of the serpent climbing the pyramid. In the course of time, more structures were built in Chichen Itza, including the Temple de los Guerreros, the La Iglesia Complex and steam baths.
Tulum is the only known seaside site with remains of Mayan architecture, and this is what makes it so magnificent. The white stone structures set off against the crystal clear blue waters of the Caribbean is a delight for architects and photographers from across the world. Tulum means “wall” in Maya and a wall still encloses three sides of this ancient city. The wall along with the Caribbean Sea on the fourth side provided protection from enemies. Between 1200 and 1500 A.D., Tulum was a booming center of commerce accessible by both, land and sea. Located roughly one hour south of Playa del Carmen and two hours south of Cancun, the Tulum ruins can easily be reached by car or bus. More than 60 buildings remain in Tulum, including various temples. The ‘Temple of the Frescoes’ contains statues, carvings and colorful frescoes depicting Mayan motifs. Other compelling structures in Tulum include the ‘Temple of the Initial Series’, the ‘Temple of the God of the Wind’ and the ‘Temple of the Descending God’. These structures are built around a central square that may have been used for Mayan rituals. The Castillo, also called the lighthouse, is the tallest building in the city and looks over the sea.
Situated about 50 miles east of Chichen Itza is Coba, a jungle-clad archaeological zone surrounded by five lakes. At its peak between 200AD and 600AD, Coba was an important city of about 60,000 people and today it exhibits architectural designs of the Classic period. The site features pyramids along with 20,000 other structures that remain unexcavated. Coba’s nearness to water gave the city its name, “water stirred by wind.” The most noteworthy structure here is the ‘Nohoch Mul Pyramid’ which is the tallest on the Yucatán peninsula with 120 steps to its top. Visitors can walk the ancient stonepaved walkways called ‘sacbeoob’ or white roads, and climb the 120 steps of the impressively striking Nohuch Mul pyramid for some spectacular views of the jungles and its wildlife.
Playa del Carmen real estate region is a travellers paradise and the more you explore then more treasures you discover.