The Great God Mahadeva is one of the three deities of Trimurti and the one who is neither found born nor found dead. Lord Shiva is also regarded as limitless, transcendent, unchanging, formless, the destroyer and transformer. The main iconographical attributes and accessories of Lord Shiva are snake Vasuki,crescent moon,Rudraksha mala,Trishul and Damaru.
Mt.Kailash is the abode of Lord Shiva,is a mountain peak located in the Kailash Range of Himalayas. Mount Kailash is also known as one of the most sacred mountains and has become an important pilgrim for four religions of India.
Lord Shiva has always been referred to as Triambaka because of third eye,located around the middle of the forehead above the junction of eyebrows. 3rd eye of Lord Shiva meant for destruction only and is opened very rarely,which emits flames and burns things to ashes.
The Great God Shiva is regarded as Lord of Yoga and an omniscient Yogi who lives an ascetic life in Mount Kailash and always seen meditating. Lord Shiva is considered as Adi Yogi and the Adi Guru,the homeless nature of Yogi shows that the all the universe is his home.
Trishul is one of the most recognized and ubiquitous symbols of Lord Shiva,represents the three fundamental dimensions of life. Lord Shiva’s Trishul represents the three aspects of life,As per sadhguru they can also be called Ida, Pingala and Sushumna.
Damaru is the instrument of Lord Shiva that is often seen tied to his trishul. Damaru is created to produce spiritual sounds and Lord Shiva indulges in his cosmic dances.
Shiva is also called Soma or Somasundara,means inebriation or intoxication. Lord Shiva uses the moon as a decoration because he is a great yogi who is intoxicated all the time.
Lord Shiva has the snake Vasuki around his neck and always wore him as an ornament. Vasuki is a great king of the nagas and is the ardent devotee of Lord Shiva.
Vibhuti, the sacred ash is the primary wear of lord Shiva as his body is entirely covered with it. Lord Shiva’s body is always covered with Vibhutiand Shiv devotees wear ash tilak,Bhasma on forehead, hands and over the body.
Lord Shiva is shown sitting on and wearing a tiger skin,symbolizes victory over every force and Shiva is beyond and above any kind of force. Tigers also represent lust,sitting on Tiger skin indicates that he has conquered lust.
Matted Hair of Lord Shiva represents Shiva as the Lord of Wind or Vayu. The three matted locks on the head of the Lord Shiva represent the integration of the physical, mental and spiritual energies.
Rudraksha is believed to have the direct blessings of Lord Shiva, which contains the properties to remove the affects of sins from the body. Lord Shiva is always portrayed wearing rosaries of Rudraksha beads on his head, arms and hands.
The river Ganga is considered sacred and is personified as a goddess Ganga. Sculpture of Lord Shiva depict the River Ganga flowing from his matted hair.
Lord Shiva is also called Neelakantha because of his blue throat,Halahala is the name of a poison came out from Samudra manthan along with other 14 Ratnas. Lord Shiva got the blue throat after drinking the lethal poison Halahala,He did not swallow it kept the poison in his throat.
Lord Shiva is worshiped in the aniconic form of Lingam, a symbol of the energy and potential of God. Shivalingam represents symbolically great God Himself, there are twelve traditional Jyotirlinga shrines in India representing the Supreme God Shiva.
Nandi Bull serves as the mount of the god Shiva and is a symbolism of eternal waiting. Temples of Shiva display stone images of a seated Nandi, generally facing the main shrine and is not expecting Shiva to come out, He is just waiting.