Avifauna of India includes around 1314 species of birds,which are endemic, introduced and accidentally occurs in India, unfortunately eighty-two species of Indian birds are globally threatened or locally extinction. Indian birds listed as critically endangered are Indian Vultures,Forest Owlet, Indian Bustard, Bengal Florican and Himalayan Quail.
Indian vulture or Gyps indicus is one of the 9 species of vultures found living in India. This species of vulture breeds mainly on cliffs and trees of Rajasthan.
Forest Owlet is the critically endangered species of bird and has an extremely small and fragmented population in central India and northern part of the Western Ghats in Maharashtra. This bird is listed as one of the five birds in the Maharashtra on the verge of extinction.
Sociable Lapwing species is listed as critically endangered because of its population has undergone a rapid reduction. It is one of the rarest and most threatened of all birds that live in India.
The Great Indian Bustard is one of the largest and heaviest flying bird found in India. Indian bustard is critically endangered by hunting and loss of its habitat.
Jerdon’s Courser is a nocturnal bird species, endemic to India. This courser bird lives in extremely limited geographical range, found locally in the Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh.
Bengal Florican is also called as Bengal bustard live in open tall grassland habitats in the Terai of Assam,Uttar Pradesh and Arunachal Pradesh. This bustard species is native to the Indian subcontinent and is the world’s rarest bustard.
Himalayan Quail is the rarest bird of India,belonging to the pheasant family. The bird found only in the western Himalayas in Uttarakhand, north-west India.
Pink-headed duck is one of the rarest species of waterfowl found in the parts of the Gangetic plains of India. This large diving duck thought to extinct but found swamp regions of eastern India,later on declared as critically endangered rather than extinct.
White-Rumped Vulture is the most abundant large bird of prey in the world,nest on tall trees often near human habitations in northern and central India. These vultures was very common in the Gangetic plains and commonest of all the vultures of India.
Spoon-billed sandpiper is one of the small wader bird found in India,listed as critically endangered because of an extremely small population. It feeds off small insects and other invertebrates is sea coast are of India.
Siberian Crane is a unique among all the other cranes species from Gruidae family and the third most endangered crane species in the world. These cranes feed mainly on plants and breeding area includes Nagpur and east to Bihar in India.
White bellied Heron also known as the Imperial Heron is one of the extremely rare species of bird found in India. This large heron is found in the wetlands forests in the foothills of the eastern Himalayas and in the part of the Namdapha Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh.
Baer’s Pochard is a duck species, breeds around lakes with rich aquatic vegetation in Indian Subcontinent. This medium size brown duck is belonging to the family Anatidae and classified as critically endangered in India.
Red-headed vulture is known as the Asian King Vulture and one of the few species of large vultures found in India. Sarcogyps calvus have been found in a variety of habitats of deciduous forests and foothills and river valleys in the Indian Subcontinent.