Poaching is illegal hunting, killing or capturing of wild animals also referred to the illegal harvesting of wild plant species. Its an environmental crime against the natural resources,illegal hunting of wildlife for animal products such as ivory, horn, teeth,skin and bone. India is home to some of the most charismatic animals on the planet such as Tiger,Elephant,Rhino,Leopard,Lizard and many species of snakes.
These majestic animals were used for sports hunting, now they are protected under the wildlife protection act of India. Unfortunately, The population of these magnificent wild animals of India are decreasing because of Poaching for ivory, horn, teeth and skin.
Sariska Tiger Reserve is one of the national park in Rajasthan from where entire tiger population has been wiping out because of poaching. Tiger poaching in India has seriously impacted the probability of survival of tigers in India but because of the conservation programmer Project Tiger, About 2,226 wild tigers now roamed in the forest reserves of the country and There are 48 tiger reserves in India.
Rhino Poaching in Assam is the biggest problem and one of the major environmental issues in India. Kaziranga,Orang and Manas National Park of Assam is only surviving home to Indian rhino and 95% of the total wild One horned rhino in the world. More than 90 rhinos were killed since 2013 and 9 Indian Rhinos have been killed in Kaziranga National Park of Assam this year 2016. They are killed for their horns and nails that are traded in the International black markets, six methods have been used by poachers to kill a Rhino shooting,trapping,electrocuting,poisoning and with a noose.
Western Ghats range is facing the biggest threat of elephants, Ivory hunters have been killing elephants not just Kerala, but neighboring Tamil Nadu and Karnataka as well. Till 1995, up to 2,000 elephants mostly tuskers were poached in the southern forest and 100 elephants have been killed in last 2 years across south India. Kerala has seized more than 100 kg of ivory since 2012 and Poachers traded more than 200 kg of ivory in the last 18 months.
The leopard population in India is already under threat due to the illegal hunting and killing for leopard skins and body parts. As per the statistics on leopard killings in the country, 1,664 Leopards Poached in the last Decade and still poaching for the illegal trade of skins and body parts is going on. There are between 5000 to 10000 leopards living in the wild in India but surely leopards will be declared as endangered species.
Due to the heavy hunting for meat and nails, Most of the Indian birds are on the verge of extinction such as Great Indian Bustard,Forest owl, Bengal florican,ducks and migratory birds. Migratory birds such as Flemingo,Pelicans and Amur falcon birds poached in Nagaland.
Hunting of wild animals and the trade of animal parts is banned in India but there are number of wild animals being poached in international black market. These small animals such as Gecko,Monitor Lizards,Indian Sand Boa,Sloth Bear,turtles and Indian Pangolin are going through a major poaching problem.
Indian Pangolin, Indian Star Tortoises along with Tokay Gecko and Red Sand Boa are 5 Most Heavily Trafficked Animals of India.