The Dense and dark forest of India offers best habitat for the reptiles, The jungle offers a wide range of area for snakes to go giant with abundant prey. There are 270 plus species of snakes in India, out of which about 60 are highly venomous. The big four dangerous snakes of India includes Indian Cobra, Krait, Russell’s viper and Saw-scaled viper.
Every year 20,000 people die due to venomous snake bites in India, Other facts about snakes of India are – King cobra is the most poisonous snakes in India and krait is the most deadly and dangerous snake of India. The Indian python is highly arboreal snake and the largest species of snake, commonly found throughout the jungles of India. Rat snake local known as dhamana is a commonly found and non-venomous snake in India, It is one of the fastest snake.
The Indian cobra, known as “Nag” is one of the species of highly venomous snake found throughout India. Indian cobras are found in many habitats but generally prefer open forest edges, fields, and the areas around villages, The Naja Naja feeds on rodents, lizards, and frogs.
Indian cobra “The Holy Snake” is associated with the lingam the emblem of Lord Shiva and during ‘Naag-Panchami‘ festival people worship the cobra snake like any other god.
Krait venom is extremely neurotoxic and induces muscle paralysis,its bite is lethal to man. There are 12 Species and 5 sub-species of Krait Snakes, Some of them are the common krait, banded krait and Indian Krait.
The Bungarus,commonly referred as Kraits is most dangerous venomous snake of India and one of the deadliest snakes of the world. The maximum deaths of common krait per bite is 60, It can be seen in the deep jungles of India.
The Russell’s viper local name Koriwala or Daboia , is one of the most venomous snakes in all of India. After the Krait, Russell’s viper is another big killer snake in India, accounting for thousands of deaths each year.
It is the smallest of the big four most dangerous snakes of India,with an average length of 4 ft. The dark brown, or brownish-gray deadly snake feeds on Rodents, lizards & small birds.
It is a rough scaled snake with large eyes, wider head than neck and stocky body, habitat in sand, rock, soft soil and in scrub lands. It feeds lizards, frogs and a variety of arthropods, such as scorpions, centipedes and large insects.
The Indian saw-scaled viper is a small viper from one of the eight species of small viper venomous snakes family. The saw scaled viper is famous for being one of the most dangerous snakes anywhere it is found.
The Great King Cobra is the biggest snake in India,with an average length of 13-15 ft. The unique King cobras can reach upto 18 feet (5.5 meters) in length, making them the world’s longest venomous snake. The fierce and agile King cobra habitat rainforest,humid jungle,Thick undergrowth, cool swamps and bamboo clusters forested areas.
The largest and powerful snakes physical feature is olive-green, tan, or black with faint, it has pale yellow cross bands down the length of the body. Kerala “the god’s own country” is the home for this beautiful King cobra, along with other reptiles, such as king cobra, viper, python, various turtles and crocodiles.
The Indian Green Pit Viper is also known as bamboo snake or tree viper, it is one of the most common of the Pit Vipers family, mainly live on arboreal, living in vines, bushes and bamboos. There is a group of snakes that are known as Pit Vipers, Not only are these snakes venomous they also have a very cool heat sensing system.
The green snake feed frogs,lizards and insects, it grows to a length of 2.5 feet. Another species of pit viper is Malabar pit viper, highly venomous snake found mostly at western ghat of India. Other venomous snakes of India from viper species includes bamboo pit viper,Malabar pit viper,Hump-nosed pit viper and green tree viper. Pit Viper Snakes Found in India.
The banded sea krait also called as yellow lipped sea krait is one of the highly venomous sea snake found in India. All sea snakes or coral reef snakes are good swimmers and has a venom more potent than any other land snake species found in the Indian Subcontinent.