The venomous pit vipers species includes hump-nosed pit viper,Mangrove pit viper and Malabar Pit Viper. Russell’s Viper and Saw-scaled Viper are two most venomous vipers species found in India and member of big four poisonous and deadliest snakes in India. These snake species are responsible for the majority of snake bites in India, Here is the list of venomous pit viper species of India.
Hump Nosed Pit Viper is the most poisonous pit vipers species and one of the deadliest snakes found in India, especially in the Western Ghats. The Hump Nosed Viper is responsible for most snakebites in south India and one of the medically important venomous snake.
Malabar Pit Viper is a highly venomous snake mostly found in southern and western India. They are nocturnal and found on the ground,rocks and trees near streams of the Western Ghats region of India.
Andaman Pit Viper is found only in the Andaman Islands of India, This venomous pitviper subspecies is endemic to Islands of Andaman. There is separate island in Andaman named as viper Islands.
Mangrove Pit Viper is one of the venomous pit viper species native to India. Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus is also known as the Purple Mangrove Viper because of its dark purplish and brown color.
Bamboo Pit Viper also known as Indian tree viper or green tree viper, found only in southern India. This arboreal and nocturnal bamboo viper is very aggressive in nature and an amazing green tree snake found in India.
Horseshoe Pit Viper is another pitviper species found in the Western Ghats. Trimeresurus strigatus is a venomous pitviper species mostly available in green,brownish and yellow in colour.Image source- IndianSnake
Himalayan pit viper is a highland venomous pitviper species of snake found in high altitudes and slopes of the Himalayas. This slow moving nocturnal and terrestrial snake is one of the known venomous pit vipers species of Indian snakes, found in Himalayas of India.
Large scaled pitviper is one of the green coloured venomous species of pitviper, endemic to the trees of mountains of Western Ghats. This arboreal tree viper is one of the most dangerous species of snake found in Southern part of India.
Red Tailed Bamboo Pitviper (Trimeresurus erythrurus) or Spot Tailed Pit Viper is found in most of the north east region of India. This Green coloured Pit Viper is venomous pit viper species endemic to Assam, Mizoram, Sikkim and Ganges Delta of India.
Brown Spotted Pit Viper species is endemic to Asia, Found in northeastern Indian state of Assam,Mizoram and Sikkim. This pointed scaled pit viper also called as habu is an amazing snake found in the cool jungle regions of North East India.
White Lipped Pit Viper
Jerdon’s Pit Viper
Stejneger’s Pit Viper
Popes’ Pit Viper
Medo Pit Viper
Hutton’s pitviper is distributed in Meghamalai High Wavy Mountains in the Western Ghats of Theni district, Tamil Nadu. Tropidolaemus huttoni is a little known venomous pitviper species endemic Western Ghats of India.
Motuo Bamboo Pit Viper
Brown Spotted Pit Viper
Cantor’s Pit Viper
Nicobar Bamboo Pit Viper
Kaulback’s Lance Headed Pit Viper is new species of pit viper found from North East India,Currently found at single location at Dafla Hills in Papum Pare District of Arunachal Pradesh. The Kaulback’s pitviper is not a true viper but it is a venomous pit viper species.