India has suffered major and worst drought over the 18th and 19th centuries,resulted millions of deaths and led to major Indian famines such as Odisha famine of 1866,Bengal famine of 1943 and Bihar famine of 1873–1874. States affected by drought in India are Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Gujarat and Rajasthan, Major population of these region depended on the rice crop of the winter season. Due to the failure of the monsoon,some parts of Bihar and Jharkhand along with Punjab and Haryana were also affected by drought.
The Marathwada region of Maharashtra states is facing severe water scarcity. Drought affected region in Marathwada includes Eight districts Aurangabad, Nanded, Latur, Jalna, Beed, Parbhani, Osmanabad, and Hingoli. Jalna is the most affected district among others in the region.
The Chitradurga district of Karnataka state is among the talukas which are reeling under drought and North Karnataka is worst hit. Area of bijapur,Dharwad,Hubli and Bagalkot are always the most affected when there is a drought in northern part of Karnataka.
Bikaner and Jaisalmer districts are the major tourist attraction of great Thar desert and known for its golden sand dunes and camel safari. They both fall in the drought Prone area of Rajasthan along with jodhpur, Nagaur and Barmer.
The Saurashtra region of Gujarat state is consists of 7 districts is one of the drought-prone region,Kutch region being other. Kutch region is well famous as dead land and one of the hottest place in the country.
The Mahbubnagar-Khammam district of Andhra Pradesh state were declared drought-hit in 2002. Poor and delayed monsoon affected its number of mandals which are declared as drought prone area.
The Mayurbhanj-Balasore region of Orissa, 30 districts were identified as drought-hit due to the short rainfall. Mayurbhanj district was the worst-hit and Balasore has a worst history of Orissa famine of 1866.