North East India is indeed a paradise unexplored and one of the best destination for nature lovers, trekkers and wildlife enthusiasts. North East India includes 7 contiguous states Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura, Hence also known as Seven Sister States of India. The North Eastern region also host one brother called Sikkim and some parts of Bengal as Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, and Koch Bihar. It is one of the most treasured and Eco-friendly area in India with vast natural resources and a cauldron of different people and cultures.
The unexplored paradise of India is well known for its distinct culture and traditional lifestyle. North east region offers a mixed culture of Hindu, Christianity,Muslim and Buddhism,Buddhist Cultural is occupies an important place and large number of ethnic groups as compare to other religions. Every tribal group of these states has its own unique tribal culture, tribal folk dance and food and crafts.
North-East Indian people offers a colorful reflection of their land and traditional lifestyle. The Mongoloid faced people of this region’s are very distinctive in characteristics of dress,customs and language. Major tribes of hills like Khasi, Garo and Jaintia are the people with very rich in culture and traditions and tribal people of valley’s have religious beliefs, music,dance and arts.
Lifestyle of North Eastern Indian states are vary from one place to other, people of states are divided into tribes and sub-tribes. Hill region tribes live a simple lifestyle as they inhabit in high mountains so hunting and fishing are the prime occupations. Agriculture and weaving are the two major occupations of the people, Tea farming in Assam is one of the main source of income along with traditional handicrafts. Tea gardens of Assam are world famous for the aroma and rich flavor and taste.
Cuisines of North East India offers dishes that reflect the culture and lifestyle of the region. Staple food and cuisine of the states are rice along with dry fish, spicy meat and lots of green vegetables. Chicken, Mutton, Duck, Pigeon are some most popular non-veg dishes from north east along with a variety of rice beer. The unique cuisine of seven states of the north east India are Jadoh,Momos, Aakhol Ghor, Tung-rymbai,and pickled bamboo shoots.
Fair and Festivals are the integral part of tribes along with traditional dance and folk music. There are numbers of festivals celebrated by various tribes of different states throughout the year. Festival season is the best time to know the culture and traditional costumes of a paradise unexplored called North East India. The major festivals of northeast India are Bihu,Brahmaputra Festival of Assam, Hornbill and Sekrenyi festival of Nagaland,Torgya Monastery Festival Arunachal Pradesh,Shillong Autumn Festival, Chapchar Kut from Manipur,Ningol Chakouba Festival Manipur and Kharchi Puja from Tripura.
These seven states are not only rich in terms of landscape,natural beauty and flora and fauna but also in Music and Dance. North east India not only offers a completely different world of traditional music and folk dance but also emerged as one of the prime industry of rock music. While Shillong is music capital of India and Guwahati is one of the major destination for live rock band performances. Music and dance festivals like Hornbill National Rock Contest and folk music and tribal dance festivals are organized across the states. Tribes of North East India use some musical instruments like Tamak folk drum,flute, khamb and lambang which are made of bamboo.
North East India is well famous for its unique culture, handicrafts, scenic beauty and martial arts. People of these state’s got great skills in art,weaving, The sister states got a rich variety and skill on making of wood-carving, Cane Crafts,jewellery and bamboo stick work. Arts and Craft culture is one of the very old tradition along with the making of musical instruments,Carpet and silk weaving. Every tribe excels in craftsmanship and offer a wide variety of traditional crafts and arts.
The Northeast region Physical geography falls in the category of Eastern Himalayas ranges and Patkai-Naga Hills along with mighty Brahmaputra Barak river systems and Valley Plains. The valley of Meghalaya is surrounded by Garo, Khasi and Jaintia Hills from all sides and home to some of the largest waterfalls in India. The route of mountains and hill of north east is best for Mountaineering and adventures sports like hiking,mountain climbing and trekking. Magnificent hill stations of north east India are one of the major tourist destinations.
The seven sister states are a slice of paradise on earth,this place is blessed with natural beauty and colorful flora and fauna. The picturesque location of meandering water bodies, astonishing waterfalls, lush green forest and Blue Mountains ranges along with pleasant weather offers a beautiful view of in the country. Brahmaputra river area is covered with mountain peak,lush evergreen forests and grasslands, which provide a picturesque view of the amazing Brahmaputra Green Valleys. North Eastern region offers one of the most beautiful Eco-Tourism destination in India.
The region is known for highest annual rainfall is India and Mawsynram and Cherrapunji are the two wettest place on earth with an annual rainfall of 11872 millimeters. North East India’s river systems,lakes and ponds are the life line of people and one the main source of income. Brahmaputra one of the biggest river in India flows through the North east region and its numerous tributaries flowing through the different states. Wettest area is home to big waterfalls and beautiful lakes such as Tsomgo Lake, the frozen lake of India, Chandubi Lake,Umiam Lake,Kamalasagarand Loktak lake, the largest fresh water lake in India. Waterfalls includes Langshiang,Nohkalikai,Nohsngithiang and Vantawng,Langshiang is one of the highest waterfalls in India.
The dense semi-evergreen forest reserves of North East India are inhabited by many tribes as well as by wild species of animals. There are 51 types of forest found in this region classified into six major types- tropical moist deciduous forests, tropical semi evergreen forests, tropical wet evergreen forests, subtropical forests, temperate forests and alpine forests. The mountain terrain and slopes of region is covered by natural forest vegetation like Zizypphus jujuba,Bombax ceiba, Sterculia villosa, Dalbergia sisoo,and other non-aquatic grassland species.The grasslands and rain forests of regions supports diverse flora and fauna and several crop species.
The least explored region host one of the highly diversified wildlife area in the country and offers a wide varieties of flora and fauna. The dense forest of region is home to some of the most beautiful but endangered and rare species of wild animals and birds. 13 major national parks and 30 wildlife sanctuaries are the treasure and heritage of the states. These Biodivers wild parks are provide shelter to rare species as many as 55 mammals, 50 reptiles, 380 birds and amphibians. Also home to Great Indian hornbill,Great Indian One-horned Rhinoceros,Indian elephant, red panda, Indian civet,Indian flying squirrel, and big feline species such as Clouded Leopard, Snow Leopard, Royal Bengal Tiger, Indian leopard and Lesser cats.
These seven states offers a unique experience to known tribal culture and ethnic diversities of tribal world in India. The North-east India is home to 220 ethnic groups and equal number of dialects makes it a hugely diverse region of the country. Every tribes of each states have its own culture, languages, dress, custom and tradition and festivals to celebrate. The hill station is predominantly inhabited by tribal people, few major tribes are Bishnupriya Manipuri,Tripuri,Adivasi,Assamese, Bhutia, Bodo, Garo, Khasi, Mizo, Naga,Tamang and Tripuri.