Tribes in India: India is a land of multitudinous culture and peoples.Every state of India has its own culture and tradition. The different forms of people found here out numbers any country.There are certain states in India where the number of tribal population is much more than that of the other states. Due to the presence of these tribes India has receive various flavors and the tribal people are the real treasures of our countries. Major population of tribes are found in Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesha and North East “The Seven Sister States of India. The tribes peoples of India are also know as “Adivasis”. The specific meaning of Adivasis is the original inhabitants of a given region. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are also the home for various tribes like The Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa and Sentinelese.
It must be very interesting reading to know tribes peoples and their culture.
Chhattisgarh: “Rice bowl of India” This is a newly formed state and situated in situated in the heart of India, it is very well known for its cultural heritage, attractive natural diversity and for tribes community. Tribes of Chhattisgarh are unique in their lifestyles and have beautifully retained their own culture and traditions for centuries. Bastar is the largest tribal district of Chhattishgarh and Gonds tribes Gonds of Bastar being the most prominent among them. The Gond Tribes include the Baiga, Korba, Abhuj Maria, Muria and Dhurvaa tribes.The tribal women love to wear ornaments made of cowries, shells, bones, mixed metals, copper and bronze.Orissa: The number of tribes that reside in Orissa is the highest anywhere in India. Chhattisgarh is the neighbor state of orissa, so Gond and Baiga tribes also found in some part of Orissa. The major tribes of the state are Kondhs, Koyas, Gadabas, Oraon, Juangs and Santals. Tribes of Orissa are very hard worker, they work in mills and plants. The major occupation of tribes are agriculture, fishing or hunting. Bamboo is used to make arts and crafts by the tribe peoples, and these are really very attractive. Tribes women wear a lengthy cloth material that they wrap around themselves, girls are seen with tattoos on their faces. The tribal state also offers best natural beauty in India, sparking waterfalls, magnificent lakes and big dams are the major attraction.Jharkhand: State of tribal peoples, it is one of the most industrialized states of India, including Wildlife Sanctuaries and Forest. The tribes of Jharkhand are expert in making plates made up of Sal leaves joined together by tiny sticks. Kharias are one of the important tribes of Jharkhand, other tribes of Jharkhand are are Baiga, Asur, Santals, Oraons, Mundas and Hos.The tribes of Jharkhand also use bamboo for making baskets,hunting & fishing. Tribal peoples have tattoos called Godna, on their bodies instead of wearing ornaments, Bow and arrow is the symbolic weapon of the tribal of this area.Madhya Pradesh: Madhya Pradesh is a medley of ethnic groups and tribes, castes and communities. Tribes of Madhya Pradesh also known for well preserved traditions presented in the form of tribal music and dance. Madhya Pradesh was the largest state in India before the state of Chhattisgarh was carved out. Dhar, Jhabua and Mandla districts have more than 50 percent tribal population. The main tribal groups in Madhya Pradesh are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Maximum population is Gond tribes. The Bhils live in the mountain regions in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Bhils are considered as the third largest and most widely distributed tribal groups in India. Bhils tribes also found in some states of Rajsathan.North East States: Also know as seven sisters of India, The north eastern states of India holds a large number of tribal population. The tribal chiefs enjoying a lot of power and status in the region. The northeastern states comprise thick forest and the virgin land are home of several North east tribal. The main tribes of north east states are Naga, Garo, Khasi, Maram, Tripuri, Reang, Monpas, Bamons. The Naga tribes had social and political links with tribes of Assam. Each tribes is having its own custom, language, dress and jewelery. The main occupation of these tribes is cultivation.