Gardens are planted semi natural space created for recreation, tourist spot and for the protection of natural habitats, plant, trees and wildlife plus fossil parks. The green spaces consist of grassy areas, artifacts, monuments, structures and water fountains for recreation in the countryside, Here is the list of different types of public parks and urban gardens of India.
Botanical gardens are grown to display research and education of different trees and flowering plants, specialize in trees like Calcutta Botanic Garden and sometimes also associated with zoos such as Assam State Zoo cum Botanical Garden.
There are number of popular Botanical gardens in India, Calcutta Botanic Garden is the largest botanical garden in India, situated at Sibpur near Calcutta and also home to The Great Banyan, One of the largest Banyan Tree in the world.
Persian style of gardens are consists of four quadrants or Charbagh structure with greenery or with lawns, trees, and ground plants along with walkways, flowing waters and fountains. The most Famous Charbagh gardens in India are the garden of the Taj Mahal and Humayun’s Tomb garden in Delhi.
Mughal type of gardens were influenced by the Persian garden style of architecture, having features like rose plants, fountains and water pools. There are number of most famous Mughal gardens in India such as Pinjore Gardens,Nishat Bagh,Mehtab Bagh, Rashtrapati Bhavan garden, Shalimar Bagh in Kashmir.
Rock Gardens features sculptures, village life style and man made interlinked waterfalls. Rock Garden of Chandigarh is the most popular Rock Garden in India along with Rock Garden of Darjeeling and Oravakallu Rock Garden with ancient cave and igneous rock.
Urban gardens or Urban parks are public parks within the city limit, also a weekend picnic place for the city commuter. There are list of most popular Urban garden and parks in India such as Sayaji Baug in Vadodara, Sisodiya Rani Bagh,Cubbon Park in Bengaluru, Bund garden in Pune, Kamala Nehru Park in Mumbai and Chandrasekhar Azad Park in Prayagraj.
Some of the biggest dams in India are now a tourist place surrounded by beautiful gardens and amusement parks for public. The most famous Indian dams with beautiful gardens around the reservoir are Brindavan Garden of Mysore at KRS dam, Dnyaneshwar Udyan and Sardar Sarovar dam garden in Kevadia.
Terrace Gardens are mostly occur in urban areas at top of the hills, on the terrace to keep a house dry and not always a true roof garden. Hanging Gardens of Mumbai is the best example of terraced gardens feature flowers, numerous hedges carved into the shapes of animals.
Memorial Gardens and parks are made in the memory of a person including landmark objects, sculptures and statues. Janeshwar Mishra Park in Lucknow is the largest urban park in India, designed with cycle tracks, Jogging paths, public amenities with varieties of plants, Ambedkar Memorial Park is Lucknow is another most famous public park in India along with NTR Gardens in Hyderabad, Mahatma Gandhi Park in Kollam and National War Memorial in New Delhi.
Sacred Gardens are religiously influenced and found on temple grounds in India, Sacred groves around the temples are still very important in India and also important features of the mythological landscape of ancient India.
Japanese gardens are designed to highlight the natural materials, trees and plants offering its own distinct appearance. There are very popular Japanese Garden in India such as Japanese Garden in Chandigarh consists of pagoda towers, bamboos and Japanese elements, another are Malampuzha Japanese Garden in Palakkad and Pu La Deshpande Japanese Garden in Pune.