Top 21 Most Colorful Wildlife of Costa Rica

Costa Rica is home to variety of wildlife and supports wide variety of habitats. The region is listed as one of the highest biodiversity in the world and along with Panama it supports very different flora and fauna.

Doris Longwing

Doris Longwing butterfly is found from America to the Amazon. Laparus doris is the only member of family Nymphalidae with colourful patterns.



Jaguar is the largest cat of Americas that lives in swamps and wooded regions of Mexico to Amazonian Brazil. The jaguar is an opportunistic hunter and hunt on caimans, capybaras, tapirs and sometimes even anacondas.


Cougar or Puma is a large wild terrestrial mammal and one of the heaviest cat in the World. The cougar is an ambush predator and Costa Rican cougar is second largest cat in Costa Rica.


Ocelot wild cat is distributed extensively over South America and inhabits swamps and savanna. Jaguarundi, Margay and Ocelot are more small wild cats found in Central and South America.

Scarlet Macaw


Scarlet Macaw parrot are found in humid evergreen forest of South America. The parrot are found in captivity worldwide but listed as colorful New World parrots.

Mangrove Hummingbird

Mangrove Hummingbird found only in mangrove forest of Costa Rica. The mangrove hummingbird is listed as endangered bird that feeds on nectar and insects.

Clay Colored Thrush

Clay Colored Thrush is the national bird of Costa Rica from the thrush family. The Costa Ricans bird is known for its strong and melodious song during the rainy season.

Resplendent Quetzal

Resplendent Quetzal bird from trogon family is known for its colorful plumage. The species is traditional symbol of liberty, found from Mexico to Panama and Costa Rica.

Keel Billed Toucan

Toucan birds are most exotic birds in the world, Costa Rica is home to colorful species of toucans. Keel Billed Toucan also known as rainbow billed toucan is found in Costa Rica along with Emerald and Aracari.

Eyelash Viper


Eyelash Viper are venomous arboreal pit viper snakes, found in lowlands parts of Costa Rica. The eyelash viper are small species of pitviper but an ambush predator.

Black Headed Bushmaster

Black Headed Bushmaster found in Costa Rica and extreme western Panama. The venomous pit viper species is one of the largest pit vipers snake found in the region.

Black Iguana

Black Iguana is native to Costa Rica, Mexico and other part of the Central America. The black spiny tailed iguana are excellent climbers and one of the fastest running species of lizard.

Boa Constrictor


Boa constrictor is one of the largest species of heavy bodied snake, found in jungle of Costa Rica and Panama. Distribution and habitat of Boa constrictors also include Argentina, Guatemala, Brazil and Venezuela.

Mantled Howler

antled Howler Monkey is a New World monkey and largest Central American monkeys, found in Costa Rica and Panama.

White Headed Capuchin

White Headed Capuchin is also a New World monkey, living in groups and found in much of Central America. Costa Rica,Panama, Honduras and Nicaragua are the best place where Capuchin are very common.

Red Eyed Tree Frog


Red Eyed Tree Frog from the rainforests of Costa Rica and Panama. The arboreal tree frogs are not poisonous and use camouflage as defensive adaptation.

Poison Dart Frog

Poison dart frogs are native to tropical Central and South America. The brightly colored bodies of dart frogs are endemic to humid environments of Peru, Panama, Costa Rica and Brazil.

Spectacled Caiman

Spectacled Caiman or common caiman is a medium sized crocodilian, found found in Venezuela and Costa Rica. The illegal hunting and smuggling of spectacled caimans is a major threat to this species.

Northern Tamandua

Northern Tamandua is an anteater, a large insectivorous mammal native to South America. The Northern tamanduas are nocturnal and inhabits forest of mangrove swamps, evergreen and other various types of forest.

White Nosed Coati

White Nosed Coati is a omnivores wild animal, inhabit wooded areas and forest of New Mexico. Coatimundi is the member of the raccoon family and commonly kept as pets.

Brown Throated Sloth


Brown Throated Sloth is a slow moving animal, found in the forest of Costa Rica and Central America. The sloth found in many different types of environment and one of the most common of the four species in Costa Rica.