The Malabar Region Between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea

Malabar Region

Malabar Coastal Region is used in reference to the entire Indian coast from the western coast of Konkan to the tip of the subcontinent at Kanyakumari, A long and narrow coastline on the south-western shore line of the mainland Indian subcontinent. The wettest regions of southern India is lying on the narrow coastal plain of Karnataka and Kerala between the Western Ghats range and the Arabian Sea.

Malabar Forest


Malabar forest is basically a rainforest and Malabar Coast moist forests refers to one or more distinct ecoregions recognized by biogeographers. The cool ecoregion of moist deciduous forests attracts high rainfall and variety of microclimates brought about by differences in elevation and exposure supports lush and diverse forests.

Malabar Flora


Moist evergreen montane forests are the predominant habitat type and support a great diversity of species of plants especially orchids,canopy trees,Nageia and the other major habitat type in the ecoregion is the shola-grassland, a stunted forest with an upper story of small trees.

Malabar Fauna


The ecoregion also supports a rich fauna endemism: of 78 mammal species, reptiles,amphibians and bird species. Most of the species are endemic to Malabar region and got its name too such as  Malabar Large Spotted Civet,Malabar Giant Squirrel and Malabar Rock Pitviper, other endangered endemic primate species includes lion-tailed macaque and Nilgiri macaque.

Malabar Cuisines


Malabar Cuisine or the Moplah cuisine of Kerala are unique in its rich flavour, lightly flavoured aromatic Malabar Biriyani is the best along with Malabar Fish Curry and Malabar Matthi Curry.

Malabar Protected Areas

13 protected areas had been designated few of them are Pushpagiri,Brahmagiri,Anamalai,Parambikulam,Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary, Eravikulam National Park,Silent Valley National Park and Mukurthi National Park.