The Kerala backwaters on the Arabian Sea are the network of interconnected canals, rivers and lakes or chain of brackish lagoons. Mountain and Backwater Tourism is the fastest growing industry in the state of Kerala with many unique species of aquatic life, unique ecosystem and surrounding landscape. Kerala was placed among the 50 top destinations of a lifetime by Walk Through India Traveler for its House boat,Mountain and backwater tourism. The state’s tourism focuses on the local culture, wilderness adventures, mountain and backwater tourism.
Palakkad is known as the gateway to Kerala due to the presence of the Palakkad Gap, a low mountain pass in the Western Ghats between Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu and Palakkad. The hill town of Palakkad is the seventh most populous in Kerala and known for the most amazing places of interest around Palakkad Fort,Jainimedu Jain Temple,Kalpathy,Malampuzha Dam and Gardens,Walyar Deer wildlife sanctuary, Dhoni Waterfalls and Paddy fields. Palakkad Gap mountain pass is one of the most important gap in the Western Ghats region,located between the Nilgiri Hills to the north and Anaimalai Hills. Palakkad Gap is one most popular of the mountain pass in India along with other top 13 High Altitude Mountain Passes in India plus popular mountain passes out of the Indian Himalayan Region.
Idukki is the second largest district of Kerala, famous for its hill station destination like Munnar and Thekkady. The Gateway to high wavy mountains of the Western Ghats,Rugged mountains and forests and home to Anamudi, the highest peak in India south of the Himalayas. Places of interest around Idukki are Munnar tea plantations, Thattekad Bird Sanctuary,Marayur remote village and Eravikulam Wildlife Sanctuary. Munnar town and hill station located in the Idukki district in the Western Ghats range of mountains and has several protected areas nearby for native flora and fauna. Idukki is one of the most nature-rich areas of the State and home to arch dam built across the Kuravan and Kurathi hills is the world’s second and Asia’s first arch dam, proudly standing between the two mountains In the heart of the District .
Wayanad District shares border with Kozhikode, Kannur and Malappuram districts, Nilgiris district and Kodagu districts and has the highest number of tribals in Kerala. Wayanad is set on the high altitudes of Western Ghats with high hills and Mountains Chembra Peak,Banasura Peak and Brahmagiri are some of the important mountains in the district. Wayanad Heritage Museum,Banasura Sagar Dam,tea plantation estate and Pookode Lake are attractions of Wayanad along with five ghat roads to Wayanad known as Lakkidi Ghat road,Periya Ghat road,Nadukani Ghat road,Pakramthalam Ghat road and Boys Town Ghat road. Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu also has many road passes through the mountains and hills,offers one of the most spectacular scenic drive across India and spectacular view of roadside forest and green trees.
Thrissur is known as the cultural capital of Kerala and the land of Poorams also famous for its ancient temples, churches, and mosques. Thrissur Pooram is the most colourful and spectacular temple festival in Kerala and Places of interest in Thrissur Rural District are Athirapilly Water Falls, Punnathur Kotta Elephant Sanctuary, Thrissur Kole Wetlands and Chavakad Beach. The Vadakunnathan temple of city is one of the most important temples of Hindu Shaivism and is a classic example of the architectural style of Kerala. Vadakkunnathan Temple is the main venue of the Thrissur Pooram,an annual Hindu temple festival held in Kerala. Centrally located in Kerala Thrissur has been the scene of numerous events of historic and cultural importance with spiritual and religious leanings throughout history.
Kollam is the southern getaway to Kerala’s backwaters and one end of the popular backwater ferry trip to Alleppey. The capital of Kerala’s cashew industry is famous for Plains, mountains, lakes, lagoons and backwaters, forest and Boat race in Sasthamkotta Lake, the largest freshwater lake,Ashtamudi Lake and Paravur Lake. Ashtamudi Lake is the most visited backwater and lake in the state known for unique wetland ecosystem and a large palm-shaped water body and called the gateway to the backwaters of Kerala and is well known for its houseboat and backwater resort. Kollam is an old seaport and coastal city on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake with backwater canals, coconut groves and palm trees and Kallada River, a major river discharging into the Ashtamudi Lake.
Kasaragod is world renowned for its coir and hand-loom industries,a coastline of around 29.3 kilometers and consists of high mountain ranges like the Ranipuram Kottencheri belt and filled with rivers, hillocks, beaches, shrines and forts. Kasaragod is often named as land of Lords and Forts and one of the most beautiful districts in Kerala with number of tourist attractions including biggest Bekal Fort,Ananthapura Lake Temple, Ranipuram Hill Station,Kottancheri Hills and Valiyaparamba Backwaters. Ranipuram hill station also known as ooty of kerala is located in Kottancheri-Talacavery mountain range and consists of various Flora and Fauna. Kasaragod town is on the route of NH 17 and also grows a lot of cashewnuts. Bekal Fort Beach,Chandragiri Fort and Kasargod Fort are famous for the breathtaking birds eye view of Arabian sea.
Ernakulam also known as Kochi or Cochin is known as the commercial capital of Kerala and famous for its ancient temples, churches and mosques. The district of Ernakulam hosts the highest number of international and domestic tourists in Kerala state and listed as the most advanced district in Kerala. Marine Drive Kochi,Chinese Fishing Nets and Hill Palace Museum are the major tourist attraction in Ernakulam city. The Cochin Port or major port city of Kochi ranks first in the total number of international and domestic tourist arrivals in Kerala. The Cochin airport is a popular international destinations for Malaysia and Singapore and tourist destinations like Lakshadweep also operates passenger ships to Colombo and Lakshadweep. Cochin is popularly known as the Queen of Arabian Sea with attractions Cheena vala and Willingdon Island.
Kozhikode also known as Calicut on the Malabar Coast of Kerala,famous for its boat-building yard, timber industry and historic temples and churches. The second largest city in Kerala is part of the second largest urban agglomeration in Kerala and the town has a long recorded history. Major Attractions and places of interest around Kozhikode are Kozhikode Beach,Mananchira park,Tali Shiva Temple and Kappad Beach. Kozhikode is also known as the City of Spices and ranked as the second best city in India to reside in with an average literacy rate of 96. There are a large number of tourist locations in the district while tourists visiting Kozhikode are attracted more towards leisure tourism including beaches and historical monuments. Calicut, was always a prosperous trading town and was once the capital of the formidable.
The district of Alappuzha is a widely known tourist destination and is well known for its coir factories. Alappuzha is strongly connected by waterways to various other parts of Kerala, including the famous tourist destination, Kumarakom. The most important tourist centres of state is also known as Venice of the East and ideal headquarters for backwater tourism. The Backwaters of Alappuzha are the most popular tourist attraction in Kerala,houseboat cruise,ambalappuzha payasam and Alappuzha Beach are other attractions in Alappuzha and offers the most beautiful views of the Laccadive Sea. Alappuzha the Venice of the East, a district of God’s own country and Kuttanadu region,known for its vast paddy fields and geographical peculiarities, One of the few places in the world where farming is carried around 4 to 10 feet.
Kottayam has unique characteristics panoramic backwater stretches, lush paddy fields, highlands, hills and hillocks. The city is bordered by the Western Ghats on the east and the Vembanad Lake and paddy fields of Kuttanad also a gateway to the pilgrim centers like Sabarimala. Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary,Kumarakom Boat Race and Houseboat at Kumarakom lake are the popular tourism destination located near the city of Kottayam and Vembanad lake backwaters is counted as one of the largest lakes in India and home to Nehru Trophy Boat Race. The city is an important trading centre for spices and commercial crops, especially rubber and known as the Lakes and Latex. Vembanad Bird Sanctuary is a favorite haunt of migratory birds and local birds like waterfowl, cuckoo, owl, egret, heron, cormorant, moorhen, darter, and brahminy kite.