The 5 Oldest Living Cities of India

India is very well known in the world for its oldest civilization. The Indus Valley Civilization: Harappa and Mohenjodaro. India has been always impersonate as land of spiritual integrity by professors of philosophy. One of the oldest city in the world is Varanasi, most importantly it is continuously inhabited up till now. Every oldest city in India is situated on bank of sacred rivers and famous for religious or spiritual activities. I have put together a list of the Top 5 oldest living cities in India.

Varanasi: Also known as Banaras and Kashi situated on the bank of holiest river of India “Ganges”. Varanasi “The city of temples” is one of the oldest city in the world. Varanasi is also known as the “Religious capital of India”. The city has been a culture and religious center in India for several years. The Indian classical music given by “Banaras Gharana”. Many prominent poets, writers and musician belong to this Holy city of India. Kashi “The city of lights” is one of the most important pilgrimage destinations in India. Varanasi is home for famous universities like Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Sampurnanand Sanskrit and Kashi Vidyapeeth, so peoples refer Banaras as “the city of learning” and among the best cities for education and spirituality.Madurai: Madurai is the second largest city of Tamil Nadu and one of the oldest cities in India. It is situated on the banks of river vaigai. Madurai also known as “The Temple City” is famous for Meenakshi Temple, which is India’s greatest cultural and architectural landmarks. The entire Madurai city is laid out in the shape of a lotus with the temple at the center and the streets and main thoroughfares layered one after the other concentrically, outward from the center.
Ujjain: Ujjain is the modern name for Ujjayini, also known as Avanti is an ancient city of India. Ujjain situated on the banks of holy river Kshipra, Ujjain was the capital of Avanti Kingdom as mention in Mahabharata. Ujjain, stands glamorously among many other Indian sacred and holy cities. The Kumbh Mela religious festival is held here every 12 years. Ujjain is also famous for Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva.Patna: Patna is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. Patna was known as known as Pataliputra, which was the capital of the Magadha Empire. The modern city Patna is situated on the bank of “most Sacred River Ganges“. The pilgrim centers near patna are Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda and Bodhgaya for all religions of India.Pushkar: Pushkar is smallest but one of the oldest city in India. Pushkar lies on the Shore of Pushkar Lake. Pushkar is also famous for it’s annual Camel Fair, which is one of India’s most tourism destinations. The most famous temple in pushkar is the Brahma Temple, there are very few temples to Lord Brahma exist anywhere in the world. Presence of large Israeli tourists it may seem like Hebrew has become second language in Pushkar.


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  • Rajaguru Jayaraj says:

    The photo for Madurai is not the Sri Meenakshi temple.

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  • Manisha says:

    You forgot to include delhi. Though modern Delhi was established in 736 CE by the Tomara king Anangpal Tomar-I who re-established the Pandava ancestral capital Indraprastha, however Indraprastha which is none other than delhi itself dates many thousands years back, since the reign of pandavas. Much older than patliputra and ujjain. Only two cities apart from delhi which we find traces of in our puranas are Varanasi and Ayodhya.

    • admin says:

      Hey Manisha,
      Very good information given by you here, thanks i will update the things.

    • Amar Nath Chattoraj says:

      Manisha u try to recapitulate Ramayan when ram was under going BANABAS he passed thru Allahabad and here he stayed at Bharadwaj Munis ashram and released Ahalya from the curse by which she was turned into stone Prayag or Allahabad is one of the oldest cities of India U mentioned Delhi or Inderaprastha dates back to Mahabharat period.Ramayan is much older than mahabharat

  • Jitu Mishra says:

    Bhubaneswar is also one of the oldest cities of India going back to the time of Mauryas. It s the the only city in India preserving archaeological remains of the entire 2,500 years of its history

    • admin says:

      Hi Jitu, I am agree with your points, there are few more old cities in India. I will write a new one including all these. Thanks for comment.

  • rocky says:

    its very good info. & very useful, it should be known to every indian

  • jasbinder says:

    How old are these cities any historical evidence ?

  • Nathan says:

    I am of the opinion that Madurai is the oldest city in India. It is even older than Varanasi. The sangams held in Madurai began at a time when visitors from other planets were commonplace on earth, and there are records that show that these beings, who were highly intelligent, participated in these sangams. Only God knows how long ago this was, but it must have been incredibly long ago.

  • Delhiite says:

    Delhi- one of world’s oldest surviving Capitals and at least 5000 years old according to our Puraans and Mahabharat falls in the same bracket as any other Ancient North Indian city of the Mahaajanpad era. The best thing about Delhi it has almost always remained a federal territory since inception, and certainly so since reinstatement by Tomar Raajpoots.
    I hope you’ll consider Delhi too for your list!

    • Farooq Aadil says:

      to me India is as old as man. The entire human race is indebted to India for its wisdom and philosophy. It it was India that was the center of attraction not for the tourists but for philosophers, engineers , physicians, scientists and traders. India is valued not for being one of the oldest culture centers but it is valued for the continuity of smooth culture along with meek merger of modernity that has not overlapped the real cultural beauty of India. Farooq Aadil- Pakistan

      • Bharti Khatri says:

        I agree with you Farooq 100%. But really speaking Shiva is the oldest of all and he resided in Kailash Mansarovar and that the oldest city though nt in habituated anymore.

    • Indian says:

      *Indraprastha. New Delhi was started by the Islamic Sultanate.

      • Harpreet Singh Kohli says:

        sorry but intraprasata is city established by arjun of mahabharta

        are the cities set by sultans and new delhi was set up by Britishers

    • Abhijit Kh says:

      Delhi was just a small fort at the time of Prithviraj chauhan. ajmer happened to be the main city and capital for Chauhan dynasty. Delhi got the prominence only with the rise of Delhi sultanate. Delhi had been just been another city on Yamuna banks (certainly not even a metro city) unless Brits had moved the capital to Delhi.

  • saurabh says:

    hey everyone, can anyone help me on Indian traditional landscape typologies,
    Traditional landscape typologies represent intrinsic link between nature, man and culture and its evolvement over a period of time. Located in any context, these are distinctive examples of landscapes that have responded to the region, climate and culture……. or just suggest some cities or place where i can find this type of typology……. its kinda urgent, thanx in advance 🙂

  • Bijaya Jena says:

    Bhubaneswar,Capital of Odisha existed in 500 BC where the battle of Kaling was fought.But the name was different.The recent Roman coins found near Konarak also dates back to 500 BC from where the traders sailed to Bali,Java,Sumatra,Cambodia.The village is called Pipili now. But it is mentioned in the Ancient Indian Maritime History.

  • uttam kumar says:

    i think varanasi and patliputra is oldest

  • SubhraKanti Roy says:

    Varanasi & Madurai both are very old city no doubt about that.If someone said that as Delhi is mentioned in Mahabharata so it is older than others,then Ayodhha is mentioned in Ramayana so this should be older than Delhi by 2000 years.I have studied in Russian book on such things & it is mentioned there that Pataliputra is the oldest place of civilization in India.

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  • Shiva says:

    How did you miss Hyderabad man. Are you blind to see?

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