7 Hottest Biodiversity Hotspots Sites in The Western Ghats

The Western Ghats runs along the western side of India parallel to the western coast of the Arabian Sea. Western Ghats is known as one of the world’s top ten Hottest biodiversity hotspots and home to thirty nine national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests and designated as world heritage sites in India.



Kudremukh is a mountain range and name of peak located in Chikkamagaluru district in Karnataka, A small hill station and mountain view appearing as horse’s face is also the 3rd highest peak after Mullayangiri and Baba Budangiri of the Western Ghats.

Agasthyamalai Hills


Agasthyamalai Hills is home to at least 26 peaks and a notable habitat for over 2,000 species of medicinal plants. The Ashambu Hills includes Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve,Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary and these protected area is known as  Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve and home to endangered mammals  Bengal tiger, Indian elephant, great pied hornbills and king cobras.

Anaimalai Hills


Anaimalai Hill peak Anamudi is the highest peak in the Western ghats and a coffee and tea plantations area in South India. Western Ghats is broken by the Palakkad Gap and south of the Nilgiri Hills and the between area is called as Anaimalai Hills, a popular trekking destination in the Western Ghats.

Sahyadhris Ranges

Sahyadhris- Ranges-Maharashtra

Western Ghats is known as Sahyadri in Maharashtra and home to many hill stations, including Matheran, Lonavala-Khandala, Mahabaleshwar and Panchgani. The major hill range is home to globally threatened species and is one of the world’s ten Hottest biodiversity hotspots in the world.

Nilgiri Mountains


The Nilgiri range of mountains are located at the junction of Karnataka,Tamil Nadu and Kerala states and part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Blue mountains of south India is home to highest mountain Peaks,Waterfalls Flora and fauna including two endangered species Lion-tailed macaque and Nilgiri tahr.

Periyar National Park


Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is another protected area and a notable elephant reserve and a tiger reserve of Western Ghats. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is also known as Thekkady located high in the Cardamom Hills and Pandalam Hills.

Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary


Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Karnataka state of South India and famous for species of fauna includes Clawless otter, Stripe-necked mongoose, Malabar trogon and Broadbilled roller. Talakaveri is source of river Kaveri and a major destination of tourists visiting Coorg.

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