Caving also known as spelunking, involved exploring wild cave systems, Cave research, study of caves and the cave environment. Cave research in India mainly includes caving and cave explorations of the existing and new caves in Meghalaya,Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh.
Below list does not included some of the rock cut cave temples such as Khambhalida Caves, Barabar Caves, Amarnath cave temple,Udayagiri Caves near Vidisha, Edakkal Caves, Badami cave temples and Ajanta and Ellora caves of Maharashtra.
Krem Liat Prah is the longest natural cave in India, located at Shnongrim Ridge in Jaintia Hills of Meghalaya. The East Jaintia Hills district of Meghalaya is home to approximately 150 known caves.
Krem Puri is the longest sandstone cave in the world, discovered in 2016 during an cave expedition in Meghalaya. The cave may be listed as India’s second longest cave after Krem Liat Prah, located in East Khasi Hills district.
Siju limestone cave also known as Dobakkol cave are third longest cave system in India. Tura town of Meghalaya is popular tourist destinations for Balpakram and Nokrek national parks.
Mawsmai Cave is the most popular attractions in Cherrapunjee and one of the most accessible caves in Meghalaya.
Belum Caves natural cave system open to the public and listed as second largest natural caves on the Indian Subcontinent. The largest and longest cave system are located near Belum Village in Kurnool District.
Borra Caves in the Ananthagiri hills of the Araku Valley are one of the largest caves in India with stalactites and stalagmites shaped. The cave tour include attractions like Tunnel, View Point and the near by Araku Valley.
Kailash Cave or Kailash Gufa is situated at a distance of 40 km from Jagdalpur city. Kailash and Kotumsar Cave of Jagdalpur are two major cave system in Kanger Valley National Park.
Kotumsar Cave is located near Jagdalpur and one of the major attraction of Jagdalpur. The cave is situated inside the Kanger Valley National Park and most biologically explored caves in India.
Bagh Caves in the Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh are good examples of Indian rock-cut architecture with paintings and inscription.
Patal Bhuvaneshwar limestone cave in Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand is 160 m long and 90 feet deep. The cave has emerged as an interesting place for tourist in India and most fascinating place in Uttarakhand.