10 Major River of Central India and Tributaries

Some of the most important river of the Central India and tributaries are Ken River in the Bundelkhand region, Tawa River – longest tributary of Narmada, Shivnath River – longest tributary of Mahanadi River and Kali Sindh – a tributary of the Chambal River.

Narmada River | नर्मदा नदी – 1,312 km


Narmada River known as Life Line of Madhya Pradesh and flows through Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat states. The river also called as Reva River and is the largest flowing river of the state of Madhya Pradesh as well as the longest west-flowing river in India.

Mahanadi River | महानदी – 900 km


The Mahanadi River is the major and most important river of the East Central India and known for the longest Hirakud Dam in Odisha. Mahanadi flows through the states of Chhattisgarh and Odisha, joined by the Shivnath, Jonk, Kathjori and Hasdeo River.

Tapti River | ताप्ती नदी – 724 km

Tapti River or Tapi river is another known river that flows westwards and draining into the Arabian Sea. River Tapti flows through Surat and along with the Narmada River it is one of the rivers in India that flows in a rift valley.

Chambal River – Tributary of Yamuna River


Chambal River originates in Vindhya Range and form the boundary between Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. It is the largest tributary of the Yamuna river, join the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh and hosts an amazing riverine wildlife like crocodilians – the mugger and gharial,turtles, otters, dolphins and Indian skimmers.

Betwa River – Tributary of Yamuna River


Betwa River rises in the Vindhya Range of Madhya Pradesh near Hoshangabad and flows through Orchha in Madhya Pradesh to Uttar Pradesh, later joins Yamuna river. The river is mentioned in the epic Mahabharata along with the Charmanwati river.

Ken River is one of the major rivers in the Bundelkhand region of central India and flows through the states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. It is a tributary of the Yamuna.

Shipra River – Tributary of Chambal river

Shipra River rises in Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh, flows across the Malwa Plateau and join the Chambal River at the boundary of Rajasthan. It is one of the seven sacred rivers of India, the holy city of Ujjain is situated on the bank of Shipra.

Son River – Tributary of Ganges River

Son River originates from Amarkantak Hill in central India along with Narmada River and merges with the Ganges River near Patna in Bihar. The River is second-largest tributary of the Ganges river after Yamuna River and one of the longest Indian rivers.

Indravati River – Stream of River Godavari

Indravati River also known as the oxygen of the Bastar district, one of the greenest districts in India and passes through dense forests of Odisha and Chhattisgarh. The river is a stream of the river Godavari basin and joins the Godavari river near village Bhadrakali in Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh.

The Chitrakoot Falls on the Indravati River is also known as the Niagara Falls of India is the widest fall, located approximately 38 kilometres from Jagdalpur in Chhattisgarh.

Sindh River – Tributary of Yamuna River

Sindh River is another major tributary of the Yamuna River that originates in the Malwa Plateau of Madhya Pradesh and flows through the states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Ratangarh Mata Mandir is located on the dense forest and on bank of Sindh river.

Kali Sindh River – Tributary of Chambal River

Kali Sindh River is another major river in Madhya Pradesh and is the biggest river flowing in the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh also a tributary of the Chambal River in the Ganges Basin.

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