North Indian Ocean tropical cyclone is responsible for the formation of the strongest and deadliest tropical cyclones in India. There are two main seas in the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal where all of these cyclonic storms form in the basin of every season. India Meteorological Department is responsible for observations of weather for forecasting, naming and warnings of tropical cyclones in India.
Cyclone Yaas from the Bay of Bengal is the second severe cyclonic storm of the 2021 in India, Part of the North Indian Ocean cyclone season. The storm formed in the Bay of Bengal and Indian states of West Bengal and Odisha are currently placed on high alert.
Cyclone Tauktae was the season’s first and strongest tropical cyclone that make landfall in India, states of Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat reported heavy rainfall and flash floods. Tauktae was a deadly and most powerful tropical cyclone started from the Arabian Sea and make landfall in the west coast of India.
Cyclone Amphan was the strongest storm and most powerful super cyclonic storm of year 2020, The tropical cyclone damaged the Eastern India, specifically West Bengal and Odisha state. Amphan was one of the most costliest known North Indian cyclones followed by Nargis, Fani, Phailin and Hudhud.
Cyclone Nisarga was the second cyclone of 2020 to strike the Indian subcontinent after super cyclonic storm Amphan in 2020. Severe Cyclonic Storm Nisarga was the strongest cyclone that hit Maharashtra and impacted Mumbai as the Phyan did in 2009.
Cyclone Gati was third cyclonic storm of 2019, formed from an area of low pressure in the Arabian Sea. Name Gati was assigned by the India Meteorological Department as the sustained winds increasing and reached by 140 km/h.
Cyclone Nivar impacted the coastal area of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh in India, was the fourth storm of the 2020 Indian Ocean cyclone season. The cyclone formed in the Bay of Bengal and brought very heavy rainfall in the region.
Cyclone Burevi brought minimal impact to Southern India but the states were put on orange alert. Both Cyclone Burevi and Nivar were part of the 2020 North Indian Ocean cyclone season and done the damage in Sri Lanka and India.
Cyclone Fani was another most strongest tropical cyclone that strike the Odisha state in 2019 and adversely affected people in eastern India along with damage on electricity supply and telecommunication. Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Fani was the first severe cyclonic storm of the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season.
Cyclone Vayu was the second cyclonic storm of 2019 cyclone season of India, affect the Saurashtra Peninsula of Gujarat. The name Vayu given by the India Meteorological Department, As the cyclone produced strong winds, heavy rainfall and large waves.
Cyclonic Storm Maha formed in Arabian Sea and approached Gujarat then made landfall near Gujarat. Cyclone Hikaa, Cyclone Maha, Cyclone Kyarr, Storm Pawan and Cyclone Vayu were some of the strong storms in the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season.
Cyclone Kyarr was an extremely powerful cyclone of the season formed in the Arabian Sea, There was an alert issued by the IMD for the Indian states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa.
Cyclone Bulbul was a very damaging tropical cyclone causing strong winds, storms, heavy rains and flash floods across the Indian state of West Bengal. Odisha and West Bengal were extremely damaging states by Cyclone Bulbul. The India Meteorological Department assigned the name Bulbul and made landfall near Sagar Island in West Bengal.