Coral reefs are the most diverse underwater ecosystems and home to many species of marine invertebrate animals. Coral reef in India found at Lakshadweep island,Gulf of Kutch,Gulf of Mannar and Andaman Islands, marine species and creatures like Dolphins, Sea-horse, Sea-cucumber, Sea-anemone,Dugong and sea turtle are the few wild animals of coral reefs found in India.
Lakshadweep island is surrounded by coral reef very close to their sea shores. All these islands Kavaratti,Minicoy,Chetlat, Kadamat, Bitra,Pitti and Suheli Par are known as India’s Coral Islands.
Pirotan island near Jamnagar along with other 42 islands is Arabian Sea are declared Marine Sanctuary. The core area of 110 km in the Devbhumi Dwarka District of Gujarat is declared as Marine National Park with coral reefs and endangered species.
The Gulf of Mannar is a beautiful place and has high diversity of marine plants and animals. Tuticorin coast and Dhanushkodi near Rameswaram are part of the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve and famous as coral reef coast of Tamil Nadu. Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park in the Indian Ocean is an important habitat for the Dugong, Green turtle,Clownfish and endemic plant species.
Andaman Islands are one of the top 4 major coral reefs regions of India, occur around the islands of Havelock,coral island and North Bay. Most of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are surrounded by fringing reefs and known for their rich marine biodiversity.
Netrani Island of Karnataka is situated close to Murudeshwara and has coral reef surrounded. The Island is one of the top destination for snorkelling and scuba diving facilities in Karnataka.
Sindhudurg and Vijaydurg region of Maharashtra are home to massive coral reefs ecosystems. Malvan coast of Maharashtra is also known for Malvan marine sanctuary,coral reef experience and scuba diving. Tarkarli also host the only scuba diving training centre in Maharashtra.