The Indian infrastructures of bridges are making their way to international market. India has some of the best structure of flyovers, expressway, tunnels, cloverleafs, Dams, Elevated freeway and bridges. These structures and bridges play a very important role to make world’s largest railway network. The longest rail bridge in the country at 4.62km located in the land of attraction state of Kerala known as Vembanad rail bridge. Rail-cum road bridges like Godavari bridge on Godavari river, Naranarayana bridge on Brahmaputra river and Farakka Barrage on holy Ganges river are not include in this article. India’s longest rail-cum-road bridge is under construction on the river Gange in Patna, Bihar.
The Vembanad Rail Bridge is located in the state of Kerala and connects Edappally and Vallarpadam in Kochi. Vembanad rail bridge is the longest rail bridge in India with the total length of 4.62 km. The railway line bridge is dedicated for only goods trains and traffic is 15 trains per day. Vembanad bridge is build over the backwaters of Vembanad lake and passes through the 3 small islands. Vembanad lake is the longest lake in India and the largest lake of Kerala,also rank in one of the largest Indian lakes, used for traditional sports of Nehru Trophy Snake Boat Race.
The Upper Son bridge also known as Nehru Setu rail bridge is the second longest railway bridge in India with total length of 3.065 km. Earlier Nehru Setu was the longest railway bridge in India build across the Son River in Bihar state. Nehru Setu connects Dehri-on-Son and Son Nagar open on 27 February 1900. There is a river road bridge Jawahar Setu on National Highway 2 NH-2 running parallel to the long Nehru Setu rail bridge.
The Havelock bridge or old Godavari bridge is 2.7 km long decommissioned bridge over the Godavari river in Andhra Pradesh. Godavari arch bridge was built as a replacement for Havelock bridge and now the bridge is used to host civic water supply pipelines. There is another bridge in Holy Godavari river known as Kovvur-Rajahmundry bridge, Asia’s second longest road-cum-rail bridge crossing a water body. Godavari river is the second longest river in India after The Ganges,Originate in Nashik and fall into Bay of Bengal.
The New Railway bridge on holy Godavari river is a Arch bridge of total length 2.7 Km at Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh. Godavari arch bridge is a single Railway lane bridge replaces then parallel running old Godavari bridge. The new Godavari bridge is one of the longest span prestressed concrete arch bridge in Asia. Jayakwadi dam near Paithan is one of the largest earthen dam in India build over holy river Godavari in state of Maharashtra.
The Second Mahanadi Rail bridge is 2.100 km long railway bridge over the great Mahanadi river.Second Mahanadi railway bridge is located near Cuttack in the Indian state of Orissa, First Mahanadi bridge is locatd near Bhootmundei. The second Mahanadi rail bridge is one of the longest Indian Railways bridge and the biggest bridge in Orissa state. Crossing the huge Mahanadi bridge over the Great Mahanadi river by speedy trains must be thrill. The Great River also own one of the biggest dam in India Hirakud Dam at Sambalpur district.
The cantilever railway bridge is the second longest sea bridge in India (after Bandra-Worli Sea Link) with a total length of nearly 2.065 km. The Pamban Bridge is India’s first sea bridge and third longest rail bridge in India, build across the Palk strait water body. The Pamban Bridge also known as Rameshwaram bridge is located in Rameshwaram, Tamilnadu and connects Rameswaram island to mainland of India. Pamban Bridge is a bascule bridge that allows ships to pass under the bridge. There is also a 2 lanes Pamban Road bridge runs parallel to the cantilever railway bridge.
Sharavathi is the major river of Karnataka state,flows entirely within the state of Karnataka and joins the Arabian Sea at Honnavar of Uttara Kannada district. The 2.060 km long Sharavathi Bridge is Konkan railway longest bridge, situated near to Honnavar. Sharavathi river is originate from Linganamakki dam in the Sagara taluk and flows towards west,one of the westward flowing rivers of India. The river basin lies in the Western Ghats which is home to rare species of flora and fauna and forms the famous Jog waterfalls.
Zuari Bridge is build across the Zuari river in Goa state. The 1.319 km long bridge is the longest bridge of Konkan rail network, Konkan rail network is one of the most beautiful train route in India and connects Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka states. Karbude tunnel is the longest rail tunnel in India situated on Konkan Railway route near Ratnagiri in Maharashtra.
Jubilee Bridge is the very important rail bridge build over the river Hooghly between Naihati and Bandel at Calcutta. Its a cantilever truss bridge and one of the oldest rail bridge in India. It will be replaced by a new rail bridge built adjacent to it to be named as Sampreeti bridge.
The new railway bridge was built across the holy river Ganga near Balawali between the Laksar Najibabad Railway route in Uttar Pradesh. Balawali railway bridge is run parallel to Balawali road bridge. There is a longest rail-cum road bridge over the Ganga river in Patna is under construction.Chenab river railway bridge will be the tallest railway bridge in the world is under constructed by Konkan Railway. The Panvalnadi bridge on the Panval river in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra is presently the tallest bridge in India. Please share your comments and information, if i have missed any longest rail bridge in India.