Top 10 Best Engineering Marvels of Railways in India

Railway Engineering dealing with construction and operation of rail transport systems in India. Railway systems encompasses a wide range of engineering and capable of dealing with the all types unique problems.

Noney BridgeJiribam–Imphal line

The upcoming 141 m tall bridge in Jiribam–Imphal line will be the tallest railway bridge in the world.Indian Railways is constructing an architectural marvel in Manipur.

Chenab Bridge – World’s Tallest Railway Bridge

Chenab Bridge is an under construction rail bridge in Jammu and Kashmir, scheduled to open in 2019. The bridge is a concrete arch bridge at height of 359 m (1,178 ft) above the river.

Anji Khad bridge

The Anji Khad bridge is a cable-stayed bridge connecting the Katra and Reasi in Jammu and Kashmir, lies southeast of the Chenab Bridge, near Reasi. Now widely regarded as an engineering marvel of modern India.

Imphal Railway Station – Jiribam–Imphal line

111 km long railway line project called Jiribam–Imphal line project with Imphal railway station expected to be fully completed by December 2023.

This project has line has India’s longest tunnel, called tunnel no. 12, which has length of 11.55 km and will surpass the 8.5 km Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel on the Banihal-Qazigund line as India’s longest tunnel.

Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel – India’s Longest Railway Tunnel


Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel also known as Banihal railway tunnel is the fourth longest railway tunnel in Asia and India’s longest railway tunnel. The rail tunnel is an 11.215 km long situated at 1,702 m (5,584 ft) on the Jammu Baramulla line.

Pamban Bridge – India’s First Sea Bridge

Pamban Bridge was India’s first sea bridge connects the town of Rameswaram to mainland India. The bridge has a double leaf bascule section midway that resting on concrete piers.

The New Pamban Bridge is a railway bridge under construction with a length of 2.07 km is India’s first ever vertical lift sea bridge, expected to be opened in 2023.

Panval Viaduct – Highest Viaduct in India


Panval Viaduct on Konkan Railway near Ratnagiri is a 424m long railway bridge for a single line of broad gauge track. The Panvelnadi viaduct on the Panvel river is Asia’s third highest Viaduct.

Konkan Railway

Konkan Railway operates in the mountainous Konkan region and connects Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka states. The line was most difficult railway engineering project on the Indian subcontinent, first passenger train ran on Konkan railway was between Udupi and Mangalore.

Jammu Baramulla Line

Jammu Baramulla Line on Kashmir Valley is another extremely challenging Railway engineering project in India, connect the Kashmir Valley with rest of India. Kashmir Railway route crosses major earthquake zones and the line has Banihal tunnel orPir Panjal railway tunnel across the Pir Panjal Range of mountains and Chenab Bridge.

Hauz Khas Underground Station – Delhi Metro

Hauz Khas Underground Metro Station of Delhi is the deepest (29 m) metro station in India. This station will be the interchange point between the Yellow Line and Magenta Line, Currently Chawri Bazar metro station (25 m) is the deepest station of the Delhi Metro network.

Majestic Metro Station – Namma Metro

Majestic metro station of Namma Metro in Bangalore is the largest metro station in Asia. The station is located near to Kempegowda Bus Station and has three levels, utilized by Green Line trains and Purple Line trains.

Ameerpet Interchange Metro Station of Hyderabad Metro is considered as one of the largest metro stations in India, also the largest Metro stations in Hyderabad.

Underwater River Tunnel – Kolkata Metro

Kolkata Metro is building India’s first underwater metro tunnel under the Hooghly river. The 11 kilometres long metro tunnel under the Hooghly river will connect Howrah and Kolkata and will be completed in 2018.

Mountain Railways of India


Mountain Railways of India are narrow and long metre gauge lines, contains 410 curves, 120 tunnels, 1100 bridges and travels through the high elevation of Himalayas and the Nilgiri Hills.
Three of these railways are listed under the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
Nilgiri Mountain Railway
Kalka Shimla Railway
Matheran Hill Railway
Kangra Valley Railway

Must Known Facts About Railways of India


Indian Railways is the fourth largest railway network in the world and also world’s eighth biggest employer. World’s first CNG locomotives are also being used by Indian Railways, Steam locomotives are not being used except in heritage trains of India.

Indian locomotive class WAG-12 is the most powerful freight locomotive of Indian Railways.
Ghum Station is the Highest Mountain Railway Stations of India.
Howrah Railway Station has 23 Platforms and 26 tracks.
There are only 5 Central Railway Stations in India.
Bilaspur Mandi Leh line is the highest railway track in the world.
Vembanad Rail Bridge is the longest railway bridge in India.
Guwahati is the biggest railway station with wagon and carriage workshop in north east India.
Maharajas Express is the most expensive luxury train in the World.
Gorakhpur Railway Station has the world’s longest railway platform.
Double Decker Express Trains are high priority fast trains in India.
Mughalsarai station contains the largest railway marshaling yard in Asia.
Majestic metro station of Namma Metro is the largest metro station in Asia.
Gatimaan Express is currently the fastest train in India between Delhi and Agra.
Bogibeel Bridge is the longest rail cum road bridge over the Brahmaputra river in India.
Shatabdi Express, Rajdhani Express and Duronto Express get the highest priority on the Indian railway network.

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