15 National Monuments and Geological Wonders of India

Indian subcontinent has interesting geological features and exotic collection of Geo-Heritage Sites for geo tourism in the country. Geological Survey of India has declared 26 sites, located in different parts of the country as National geological Monuments, few of them are Fossil Wood Park,Shivalik Fossil Park, pyroclastic rocks,Nepheline syenite,Great Boundary Fault,Meghalaya Caves and Jhamarkotra Stromatolite. The list contains National geological monuments of India as well as few geological wonders add by Walk Through India.

Rama Setu


Rama Setu is also known as Sethusamudram should be considered as a national monument and the symbol of national unity in India. This ancient bridge of 30 km long separates the Palk Strait with Gulf of Mannar and should declared as a national monument of Bharat.

Pillar Rocks


Pillar Rocks of Kodaikanal are a set of three giant rock pillars which stand 400-foot-high vertical column in Kodaikanal forest. These cascading rocks lie above the valley are the main attractions at Kodaikanal including Kodaikanal Lake,Pine Forest and Guna Caves.

Peninsular Gneiss


Peninsular Gneiss is one of the older gneissic complex and identified one of the best exposures of this rock mass. The famous Lalbagh gardens of Bangalore city has declared it as a National Geological Monument and called as the Lalbagh rock.

Pillow Lava Stones

Pillow basalt lava structures of Karnataka is located in Maradihalli Near Chitradurga. The Pillow Lava are world’s oldest rocks and one of the best preserved Pillow Lava surviving in the world.

St. Mary’s Island


St. Mary’s Islands are a group of islands form one of the four geological monuments in Karnataka state and one of 26 Geological Monuments of India. These Islands has columnar basaltic lava and one of the major tourist attractions in Udupi.

Natural Arch


Tirumala hills Natural Arch also called as Sila Thoranam Natural Arch is one of the most distinctive geological feature in India. Natural Arch of Tirumala is one of the few natural arches or bridges in Asia and one of the top 26 Geological Wonders of India.

Angadipuram Laterite

Angadipuram Laterite is a unique monument in Malappuram district and identified as one of the National Geological Monument in India. Laterite is a residual product created by the natural process of rocks found above parent rock in Kerala,Goa, Karnataka,Maharashtra and Gujarat regions.

Bhedaghat Marble Rock


Marble Rocks at Bhedaghat are metamorphic rock found along the Narmada river in central India. The Marble Rocks are a gorge along part of the river and rich in magnesium.

Yana Rocks


Yana is a beautiful nature spot in Karnataka, known for its natural rock formations in forests of the Uttara Kannada. The rocks of Yana is famous for two massive rock outcrops known as the Bhairaveshwara Shikhara and the Mohini Shikhara.

Varkala Cliff


Varkala is the only place in Kerala where cliffs are found adjacent to the Arabian Sea. Varkala Cliff has been declared as a geo-heritage site by Geological Survey of India.

Chambal Ravines

Chambal river basin has a unique geographical feature characterised by an undulating floodplain, gullies and ravines. The Ravines of Chambal hosts tourist lodge and other facilities to promote eco-tourism.

Caves Stalagmite


Belum Caves is one of the longest caves in Indian Subcontinent, famous for stalactite and stalagmite. The stalactite and stalagmite formations is one of the main attractions of Belum Caves in the shape of natural arch,Shiva lingam,pillars and hood of Cobra.

Western Ghat Escarpment

Western Ghats is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India, is a mountain range runs parallel to the western coast. The range is one of the eight hottest hotspots of biological diversity in the world also listed among the Top 10 Natural Wonders of India.

Lonar Lake


Lonar crater lake is a saline soda lake located at Lonar in Buldhana district, Maharashtra. The Crater of Lonar is the worlds oldest and largest crater in India,created by a meteor impact.

Hampi Boulders



Big Boulders of Hampi are major tourist attractions of the state, available in different size and shape. These Boulders were once part of gigantic granite monoliths mountains and should considered as one of the national monuments and Geological Wonders of India.

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