Bharat ke Rashtriya Chinh – Pratik: National Symbols

National symbols of India were picked up at various times and now officially adopted by the Republic of India. Below is the list of officially adopted symbols of India along with several other symbols like national flower, currency, heritage animal, bird, fruit and tree.

तिरंगा – राष्ट्रीय ध्वज


The tricolour flag with saffron (केसरिया) at top, middle is white and green at the bottom against equal proportion having Ashoka Chakra or Dharma Chakra with 24 spokes is the National Flag of India.

जन गण मन – राष्ट्रीय गान

जनगणमन अधिनायक जय हे, भारतभाग्यविधाता।
पंजाब सिंध गुजरात मराठा, द्राविड़ उत्कल बंग।
विंध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा, उच्छल जलधि तरंग।
तव शुभ नामे जागे, तव शुभ आशिष मागे।
गाहे तव जयगाथा।
जनगणमंगलदायक जय हे, भारतभाग्यविधाता।
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे, जय जय जय जय हे॥

Jana Gana Mana is the National Anthem of India , written by Rabindranath Tagore and the standard playing time is 52 seconds. The song played or sung on various occasions in India, It reads as follows:

वन्दे मातरम्। – राष्ट्रगीत

वन्दे मातरम्।
सुजलाम् सुफलाम्
मलयज शीतलाम्
वन्दे मातरम्।

सुमधुर भाषिणीम्
सुखदाम् वरदाम्
वन्दे मातरम्।

Vande Mataram is composed by Bankimchandra Chatterji in Sanskrit languages and the song was part of the Indian independence movement. The song was adopted as the National Song of India in October 1937, read as follows in Devnagari script.

अशोक स्तम्भ – राष्ट्रीय चिन्ह्

The State Emblem of India is adopted as national emblem of India, features Lion Capital of Ashoka and Ashoka Chakra in the centre. The emblem features four Asiatic lions at top and again The Lion, Horse, Bull and Elephant separated by wheels at bottom.

मोर – राष्ट्रीय पक्षी


Blue peacock or Indian peafowl is a very large and brightly coloured bird, native to the Indian subcontinent. The male peacock is known as mayura in Sanskrit and associated with Hindu deities, temple art and traditions.

बाघ – राष्ट्रीय पशु


Bengal Tiger also known as the Royal Bengal tiger is the national animal of India, Current population is 3,346 individuals. India is the only country in the world with largest populations of tigers anywhere in the world, followed by Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan.

कमल – राष्ट्रीय फूल


The sacred lotus or simply lotus flower is the national flower of India, Today cultivated for its edible seeds known as Makhana. Indian lotus is sacred to Hindu and associated with Hindu deities.

आम – राष्ट्रीय फल


Mango fruit is the national fruit of India with several hundred variety,size, color, shape and sweetness. Mangoes are an important export product from the country and India is the largest producer of Mangoes and Guava.

बरगद – राष्ट्रीय वृक्ष


Banyan tree is native to the Indian Subcontinent and listed as some of the
biggest trees in the world by size and canopy coverage. The tree is considered sacred in India by Hindu along with bael, peepal and Udumbara.

More on National Identity Elements of India

These symbols are intrinsic to the Indian identity and heritage, for more information about the state symbols please follow the Link. Indian rupee is the National currency and Shaka calendar is the Indian national calendar.

National Pledge

भारत मेरा देश है।
सब भारतवासी मेरे भाई-बहन हैं।
मैं अपने देश से प्रेम करता हैं।
इसकी समृद्ध एवं विविध संस्कृति पर मुझे गर्व है।
मैं सदा इसका सुयोग्य अधिकारी बनने का प्रयत्न करता रहूँगा।
मैं अपने माता-पिता, शिक्षको एवं गुरुजनो का सम्मान करूँगा और प्रत्येक के साथ विनीत रहूँगा।
मैं अपने देश और देशवाशियों के प्रति सत्यनिष्ठा की प्रतिज्ञा करता हूँ।
इनके कल्याण एवं समृद्धि में ही मेरा सुख निहित है।

National Calendar – Shalivahana Shaka calendar
National River – The Ganges
National Reptile – King Cobra
National Currency – Indian Rupee (INR)
National Microbe – Lactobacillus bulgaricus
National Heritage Animal – Indian Elephant
National Aquatic Animal – Ganges River Dolphin

भारत का राष्ट्रीय ध्वज – तिरंगा
भारत का राष्ट्रीय गान – जन गण मन
भारत का राष्ट्रगीत – वन्दे मातरम्
भारत का राष्ट्रीय चिन्ह् – अशोक स्तम्भ
भारत का राष्ट्रीय पशु – बाघ
भारत का राष्ट्रीय फूल – कमल
भारत का राष्ट्रीय फल – आम
भारत का राष्ट्रीय पक्षी – मोर
भारत का राष्ट्रीय वृक्ष – बरगद
भारत की राष्ट्रीय नदी – गंगा
राष्ट्रीय पंचांग – साका पंचांग
भारत की आधिकारिक लिपि – देवनागरी

For more information about the list of suggested and not official Symbol of India are listed below, The list of below is entirely based on an individual and does not have any official announcement.


National Language – Hindi
National Game – Hockey
National Book – Gita
National Mountain – Nanda Devi
National Aquatic Reptile – Gharial
National Amphibian- Purple Frog
National Heritage Mammal – Gray Langur

The ministry has declared Indian elephant as National Heritage Animal of the country in order to save the population and also for the cultural importance.

The King Cobra is one of the most sacred snake in Indian culture, Indian cobra being another. They are found in almost every part of the Indian subcontinent, also a prominent symbol in the mythology and folk traditions of India.

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