Hinduism basically follow four major traditions of Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Brahmanism and Shaktism, also there is a movement called Smartism. Shaktism have influenced Vaishnavism and Shaivism traditions, includes a large number of goddesses as Parvati, Kali and Durga.
Lord Ganesha is also knonw as Ganapati, Vighnaharta, Vinayak and elephant head god in India, Is the most worshipped deities in the Hinduism and is the supreme deity. Ganapati is a popular figure in Indian art and worshipped on all religious occasions, especially at the beginning of all ventures.
Lord Shiva or Mahadev is known as “The Destroyer” of the Trimurti, Hindu trinity and one of the principal deities of Hinduism. The Lord always represented in an iconic form of a Lingam and also considered as the Great Yogi – known as Adiyogi Shiva and patron god of meditation and arts.
Lord Vishnu is The Preserver” in Hindu trinity and revered as the supreme being in Vaishnavism. Avatar within Hinduism is mostly associated with Lord Vishnu, There are 10 avatars God Vishnu and some of the most well-known of avatars of Lord Vishnu are Lord Krishna, Lord Ram, Narasimha and Parashurama.
Venkateswara also known as Balaji in South India is an incarnation of Lord MahaVishnu and presiding deity of Tirumala Venkateswara Temple in Andhra Pradesh, Most visited temple in South India.
Lord Brahma is the creator God in Hinduism and not a popular and primary deity in India, yet rarely worshiped and there are only few temples of Lord Brahma in India – most famous is the Brahma Temple in Pushkar of Rajasthan.
Lord Rama is the seventh avatar of Lord Vishnu, An example of humility, dignity, sacrifice and forgiveness. The Lord Rama is considered to one of the most important incarnation of Lord Vishnu along with Lord Krishna and most widely worshipped Hindu deities.
Lord Krishna is eighth incarnation of the God Vishnu and one of the two most popular recipients of adoration from the bhakti in India with Lord Rama. The worship of Lord Krishna is part of Vaishnavism and most famous temples of Krishna in India are Guruvayur in Kerala, Udupi Krishna in Karnataka, Dwarka and Jagannatha temple in Odisha.
Lord Hanuman or Bajrangbali is a chiranjeevi and Brahmachari God also known as Hindu Monkey God. Bajrangbali is one of the most worshipped God in Indian religion also often worshipped along with Rama and Sita of Vaishnavism.
Lord Hanuman is also known as Balaji in Rajasthan, The most temple of Hanuman in India are Salasar Balaji, Mehandipur Balaji Temple, Salangpur Hanuman temple and Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple.
Kartikeya is also known as Murugan in India, Is the son of Parvati and Shiva, brother of Ganesha and an very important deity around South Asia. Lord Murugan is particularly popular and worshiped in South India as the Hindu God of war, Also worshiped in Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Indonesia and Malaysia.
Goddess Durga is the warrior form of Parvati and a very popular Hindu Goddess, also a central deity in Shaktism tradition of Hinduism. Maa Durga worshiped specially during the festival of Navratri across India and Nepal in nine forms and traditionally known as warrior goddess.
Hindu goddess Kali or Kalika is the destroyer of evil forces and most powerful form of Shakti, worshipped by tantric as Adi Parashakti. Goddess Kali is worshipped by Hindus throughout India, especially in West Bengal during the festival of Kali Puja.
Goddess Parvati is known by many other names like Gauri, Uma and she forms the trinity of Hindu goddesses. Gauri Festival, Teej festival of Hindu women is dedicated to Mata Parvati and also the goddess portrayed as Ardhanarishvara with half-male (Shiva ) and half-female (Parvati).
Chandi is a form of goddess Parvati, Chamunda is a fearsome form of Chandi and one of the seven Matrikas or mother goddesses. Mahakali is the consort of Mahakala, Bhadrakali is the fierce forms of the Great Goddess Shakti and goddess Sati is an aspect of Adi Parashakti.
Goddess Lakshmi is is the wife of Lord Vishnu, part of the Tridevi as Saraswati, Lakshmi and Parvati. Lakshmi Mata is one of the principal deities of Hinduism, worshipped as Ambabai, worshipped as Lakshmi Narayana and Hindus worship goddess Lakshmi on Diwali festival of lights.
Maa Saraswati is the Goddess of knowledge, learning, wisdom and music in India, part of the Hindu Tridevi of Saraswati, Lakshmi and Parvati. Hindu festival of Vasant Panchami is known as Saraswati Puja and there are many forms of Goddess Saraswati such as Savitri, Gayatri and Brahmani.
Surya is the solar deity in Hinduism and one of the five equivalent deities in the Smarta Tradition along with Shiva, Vishnu, Ganesha and Shakti.
The Sun God is a prime deity in Hinduism and the major festivals and temple of Surya in India includes Makar Sankranti, Kumbh Mela, Chath puja and Sun Temple in Modhera, Deo Surya Mandir, Konark Sun Temple in Odisha and Surya Namaskar is a popular Yoga warm up exercise.
Shirdi Sai Baba is considered as an incarnation and revered by Hindu, Parsi and Muslim devotees. Sai Baba temple in Shirdi is one of the major Hindu places of pilgrimage and visited by an average of 25,000 pilgrims a day, managed by the Shri Sai Baba Sansthan Trust.
Some of the Most Important Gods and Goddesses in Hinduism also include Gayatri, Indra, Agni, Vayu, Varuna, Yama, Kubera, Kamadeva, Chandra, Shani Dev, Dhanvantari and Narada – the deity of news.
Santoshi Mata is the Mother of Satisfaction in Hindu pantheon, particularly worshipped by women across India where Santoshi Maa vrata should be performed by women on 16 consecutive Fridays.
Harihara also known as Shankaranarayana is the representation of half Vishnu (Hari) and half Shiva (Hara), revered by both Vaishnavites and Shaivites. List of temples with Harihara murti in India are Badami cave temples,Harihareshwara Temple in Karnataka, Mukteshvara Temple in Odisha and Baijnath Temple in Himachal Pradesh.
Ayyappan is very popular in South India, particularly popular in Kerala and has become popular only in recent times. Ayyappan shrine is at Sabarimala is the most prominent temple of Ayyappan in India.
Vishwakarma is the ancient architect God in Hinduism, a divine engineer of universe and a deity of the creative power. Vishwakarma Puja always celebrated in India to honor the Lord of Architecture who also built the three deities Lord Jagannath Temple in Puri and holy city of Dwarka.