The Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India is home to Negrito and Mongoloid tribes, which includes Great Andamanese, Sentinelese, Jarawas and Onge. Islands of Andaman and Nicobar are the union territory and inhabited by different tribes of Andamanese and Nicobarese, they are recognized as an Adivasi group in India.
Jarawas tribe live in South parts of Andaman and recognized as an Adivasi group. These Andamanese peoples are estimated at between 250–400 individuals in the Andaman Islands in India.
Jarawas peoples have been interacted with modern world but still shunned by rest of the world.
Onge group of Andamanese people are distributed across little Andaman Island and dependent on hunting and gathering for food.
Jangil also known as also Rutland Jarawa tribe are now regarded as extinct, were distributed through the interior of Rutland Island.
Shompen are one of the indigenous people of Nicobar Islands, found living in interior of Great Nicobar Island.
The Sentinelese people of Andaman Islands are one of the known Paleolithic people who have no contact with outside world. Sentinelese are indigenous people virtually untouched and uncontacted by modern civilization and designated as a Scheduled Tribe.
Today Sentinelese are the most isolated people on Earth and also the most dangerous tribe in the world. An American man was killed by a protected tribe in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in 2018.
The two island groups of the Andaman and the Nicobar has total of 572 islands, The total land area of these islands is approximately 8,249 km. Landfall Island and Indira Point are the two last point of Indian territories. The most amazing wild animals and facts of Andaman And Nicobar Islands are as follows.
Andaman Cellular Jail – Kala Pani
20 Rupees Note – North Bay Island
Barren Island – Only Active Volcano in India
Little Andaman Island – Offbeat Destinations in Andaman Islands
Beach No.7 – Most Beautiful Sea Beach in India
Havelock Island – Largest of The Andaman Islands
Dugong – Species of manatees is the State Animal
Edible Nest Swiftlet – Indian Edible Nest Swiftlet
Leatherback Sea Turtle – Largest of all Living Turtles
Coral Reefs – Best Coral Reefs in India
Coconut Crab – Largest Land Living Arthropod
Black Eared Flying Fox – One of the Largest Species of Fruit Bat
Banded Sea Krait – The Most venomous Sea Snake
Nicobar Long Tailed Macaque – Crab Eating Macaque
Reticulated Python – World’s Longest Snakes and Longest Reptiles
There are 9 national parks in Andaman and Nicobar and its wildlife is full of rare and unique wildlife species. Mount Harriet National Park is a Butterflies and Moths Hotspot, water monitor, dolphins, whales, the Saltwater crocodile and South Button Island National Park is home to Barracuda, Bluefish, Octopuses,Manta ray and Lionfish.