Indian Railways has some of the most spectacular and unforgettable rail journeys in the world. Here you experience a simple way to find out everything you need to know, It is one of the world’s largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km,carried 8,425 million passengers annually and revenues of INR1441.67 billion.
Tramway systems is still operate in Calcutta and the only operating tram network in India also the the oldest operating electric tram in Asia. Tramway are known as streetcar, trolley or trolley car.
The Suburban Railway system consists of rapid transit on exclusive inner suburban railway lines and play major role for the public transport system of many of India’s major cities. Suburban trains of India includes Mumbai Suburban Railway, Chennai Suburban Railway and Kolkata Suburban Railway.
Metro Rail are known as Rapid transit consists of bus, metro and light rail systems, the first rapid transit system in India was the Kolkata Metro and Delhi Metro was India’s first modern metro and the third rapid transit system in India overall.
A monorail system is consists of a single rail track typically elevated also called an elevated railway system. Mumbai Monorail is part of a major expansion of public transport in the city and the first monorail in India, Pune Monorail is a proposed monorail system for the city.
The Toy Trains or Hill Trains of Mountain Railways of India are UNESCO World Heritage sites run on historic railway lines through the mountains to India’s hill stations. Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway,Kalka–Shimla Railway,Kangra Valley Railway and Matheran Hill Railway are few of them.
Luxury trains are special trains designed specifically to offer an elegant train ride to heritage site of Indian cities for tourist. Five most luxury tourist trains in India includes Palace on Wheels,Maharaja Express,Royal Rajasthan on Wheels,Golden Chariot and Deccan Odyssey.
The long rail network of Indian Railways earns revenues 70% from freight traffic, Most of its profits come from transporting freight, and this makes up for losses on passenger traffic.
Other trains in India includes tourist special trains such as Mahaparinirvan Express and other notable trains,Double-decker trains, Fairy Queen, Lifeline Express,Thar Express and Samjhauta Express. Semi-bullet train is recently tested between Delhi and Agra and set a new national speed record of 160 kilometres an hour (100 miles an hour).
The local trains of India plays a major role in the public transport system of many of India’s major cities, These trains stop at every small and big station and draw large numbers of people on a daily basis.
Intercity trains are the middle category trains lies between local and express and run between to two major city and do a round trip in a day such as Indore – Jabalpur Intercity,Bhopal – Gwalior Intercity,Bangalore-Ernakulam intercity and Coimbatore – Mangalore Intercity.
Regular Express rail service of India are known as Mail-Express trains run express where there is overlapping local train service available, and run local at the tail ends of the line. An express train is one where the average speed, excluding halts, is greater than 36 kmph. Including halts speed may sometimes fall into the 20s, for express trains.
The Jan Shatabdi are express trains with more affordable variety with both AC and non-AC accommodation along with only Chair Car. Jan Shatabdi express trains run on broad gauge,list of Jan Shatabdi Express trains are Amritsar Haridwar Jan Shatabdi Express,Una Jan Shatabdi Express, Dehradun Jan Shatabdi Express and Raigarh Gondia Jan Shatabdi Express.
Jansadharan trains are recently proposed number of trains in the budget, these Jansadharan trains will be for common man across the county. The railway administration has decided to run various Jansadharan special trains in view of summer rush, such as Chhapra-Mumbai Jansadharan Express and Anand ViharT-Patna RajendraNagar JanSadharan Express.
Rajya Rani trains are a series of express trains connect state capitals with other cities important for tourism, pilgrimage or business. List of Rajya Rani Express includes Bhubaneswar-Rourkela Rajya Rani Express ,Mysore-Bangalore Rajya Rani Express and Nilambur – Trivandrum Rajya Rani Express.
The Vivek Express are four pairs of Express Trains on the Indian Railways network,one from Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari; is the longest route on the Indian Railways network. Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari Vivek Express is the 9th longest in the world other are Okha to Thoothukudi Vivek Express, Santragachhi to Mangalore Central Vivek Express and Bandra Terminus Jammu Tawi Vivek Express.
Super fast Mail or Express trains with an average speed, excluding halts, equaling or exceeding 55 kilometres per hour (34 mph) on both up and down journeys fall into the Superfast Category. The average speed of Superfast trains are 60 kilometres per hour.
Mail are series of a Superfast express train of Indian Railways runs from Mumbai to Firozpur,Mumbai to Howrah, they have specific name such as Mumbai Mail,Punjab Mail,Kalka Mail,Howrah Mail and Chennai Mail.
Sampark Kranti Express trains are a series of super-fast trains operated by the Indian Railways providing quick connectivity to the national capital, New Delhi. Indian Railways provide high speed train connections from cities around the country with the National Capital express trains with few stops and at high speeds.
The Garib Rath series of trins are fully air-conditioned train with less than two-thirds of the fares for air conditioned classes in other trains. Garib Rath is faster than super-fast and express trains with top speed of around 130 kmph, nearly same as Rajdhani’s top speed.
Rajdhani Express is a series of fast and super fast passenger train service in India connecting New Delhi with other important destinations,especially The Capital city of Indian states and ranked as highest priority on the Indian railway network.
Duronto Express are long-distance non stop trains run by the Indian Railways and the services is connect the several metros and major state capitals of India. These trains are faster than or as fast as Rajdhani and Shatabdi trains.
Shatabdi Express trains are a series of fast trains to connect Metro cities with other cities important for tourism, pilgrimage or business. The Shatabdis are among the fastest trains in India and the Indian Railways considers them as prestigious.
The semi-high speed train is named Gatimaan Express and that proposes to reduce travelling time between Delhi and Agra to 105 minutes. India’s first semi-high speed train on Delhi-Agra route to run at a speed of 160km/ph. Image Source: thehindu
भारतीय रेलवे की सबसे तेज रफ्तार से चलने वाली ट्रेन का नाम गतिमान एक्सप्रेस रखा गया है।
The high-speed line is expected to spearhead the bullet train services in other parts of India,Mumbai-Ahmedabad High-Speed Link and Bangalore and Mysore link are few proposed high-speed bullet train site in India to improve the connectivity of city.