India is known as Tiger land in the world and host maximum number of tiger population in the wild forest of Tiger reserve, National Parks and Wildlife parks. The land of tiger has registered 30 per cent increase in tiger population in four years, currently the estimated tiger population in India is 2,226. Out of 102 national parks, 515 wildlife sanctuaries and 44 conservation reserves, following list of tiger reserve has the maximum number of tiger population in India.
Corbett Tiger Park was the first to come under the Project Tiger initiative and also the oldest national park in India. As per the current tiger counting Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve sheltering a healthy population of tigers and other rare species of plants and a diverse variety of fauna including crested serpent eagle,Himalayan black bear and great Indian elephants.
Rajaji National Park of Uttarakhand is recently declared as a Tiger Reserve, the second tiger reserve in the State of Uttarakhand after Corbett Tiger Reserve. Rajaji Tiger Reserve is renowned for its wildlife and wild animals, Tigers and leopards are the prime predators in Rajaji Park. The park is also known for its elephants,mountain goat, Goral, Yellow-throated marten,leopard cat, jungle cat and 315 species of birds.
Bandipur Tiger Reserve is one of the first wildlife reserves in India to adopt Project Tiger in 1974 and known for its wildlife. The park is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and famous for its significant tiger and elephant population along with sandalwood trees. Bandipur Park helps to protect several species of India’s endangered wildlife of medium to large-sized mammals and vulnerable species of flora and fauna. Some part of Nagarhole and Bandipur region also has good population of Black Panther in India.
Nagarhole Tiger Reserve is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and has a healthy tiger-predator ratio with Indian bison and elephants. The park protects the amazing wildlife of Karnataka including Ussuri dhole,slender loris,European otter,Pangolin,Chevrotain,Porcupine, Mongoose and very rare Black Panther.
Kanha Tiger Reserve is the largest national park of Madhya Pradesh state and one of the most popular tiger reserves of India. The park has a significant population of royal Bengal tiger in the core area of 940 km along with other endangered species of leopards, wild dogs, wild cats and swamp deer.
Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve has one of the highest density of Bengal tigers and also home to some famous named individual tigers known as Sita. This park has a large biodiversity for tiger population and also has a large breeding population of leopards,Indian wolf, Caracal cat,striped hyena and different species of deer.
Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve is one of the best examples of Tiger tourism in India, where the tiger lives in the dense forests of the Tadoba and Andhari region. Tadoba Andhari Reserve is the oldest and largest national park of Maharashtra state and home to 42 tigers as per 2010 counting report. The reserve forest of Tadoba is home to other mammals including sloth bears,Indian leopards, Indian Bison Gaur and Indian wild dog Dhole.
Ranthambore Tiger Reserve is part of Ranthambore National Park and known for it’s rich population of the wild tigers, situated near the town of Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan. The 392 km forested area of Ranthambore is best known for its large tiger population in their natural jungle habitat. Machali Tigress was the Queen of Ranthambore National Park.
Kaziranga Tiger Reserve is home to the highest density of tigers among the protected areas of India and the world, was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006. Kaziranga National Park is listed in the World Heritage Site of India and one of the fourth tiger reserve in the state of Assam. Terai-Savana area of Kaziranga park has the highest number of protected tigers in Assam and also home to large grassland animal populations of elephants, wild water buffalo and Indian rhinoceros.
Sunderbans Tiger Reserve is one of the largest area of Royal Bengal tigers on the planet,covered by mangrove forest and Ganges Delta. Sunderbans is also famous for its men eating tigers and swamp tigers with a unique characteristic of swimming in the saline waters and walking on mudflats.
Corbett Tiger Reserve – 208
Bandipur National Parks – 109
Kaziranga Tiger Reserve – 104
Nagarahole National Parks – 93
Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve – 88
Sunderban Tiger Reserve – 80
Ranthambore Tiger Reserve – 60
Kanha National Park – 60
Bandhavgarh National Park – 49
Rajaji Tiger Reserve – 34
The core area of Sundarbans National Park was declared as tiger reserve and the forest is home to large number of tigers along with endangered species of saltwater crocodile, river terrapin, olive ridley turtle, Ganges River dolphin.