10 Largest River Basin in India by Drainage Area

The rivers of India are an integral part of the Indian culture, play an important roles in people lives as well as important for the wildlife. River Ganga is the largest river system in India, other most major rivers of India are Brahmaputra, Godavari, Chambal ,Yamuna, Narmada, Tapi,Cauvery and Krishna.

Which rivers has the largest River Basin in India?

The holiest river Ganga has the largest river basin in India, followed by river Godavari that originates from Trimbakeshwar and discharging into Bay of Bengal.

Ganges River Basin – (1,080,000 km2)


The Ganga river is the most sacred river of India and the Ganges basin is most fertile for agricultural economies of India along with its tributaries and also for fishing opportunities.

Ghaghara is the largest tributary of the river Ganges by water volume and second second longest tributary by length after Yamuna,Yamuna is second largest tributary river of the Ganges.

Godavari River Basin (312,812 km2)

The Godavari is second longest river of India with 1,465 km after the Ganga river and forms one of the largest river basin in the India and also the largest river basin in peninsular India.

Brahmaputra River Basin

Brahmaputra river is a trans boundary river, important for irrigation and transportation in Assam. The river is sacred to Hindus and the only river in India with a rare male name, Brahmaputra.

Krishna River Basin (258,948 km2)

Krishna River is the fourth biggest river of India in terms of water inflows and also in terms of river basin, Tungabhadra is the largest tributary of the Krishna river.

Indus River Basin

Indus River Basin runs through the Ladakh region and has one of the largest drainage area in the world and also one of the largest rivers in terms of annual flow.

Mahanadi River Basin (141,600 km2)

Mahanadi river flows through Chhattisgarh and Odisha in East Central India with a course of 858 kilometres and drains area of around 141,600 square kilometres.

Narmada River Basin (98,796 km2)

Narmada river rises from Amarkantak and one of the known longest west flowing river of India, flowing between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges.

Kaveri River Basin (81,155 km2)

Kaveri or Cauvery river originating from Western Ghats and flowing through the Karnataka and Tamilnadu state of South India. Cauvery basin covers three states with many tributaries and estimated basin to be 81,155 square kilometres.

Tapi River Basin (65, 145 sq km)

Tapti river is another westwards flowing river of India, between the Godavari and Narmada rivers. The river Tapti worshiped in Multai, rises in Satpura range and draining through the Gulf of Khambhat into Arabian Sea.

Penna River Basin (55,213 km2)


The Penna river rises in Nandi Hills and empty into the Bay of Bengal with a drainage basin of 55,213 km2. The river Penna passes through several mountains and plains, Gandikota grand canyon of Andhra Pradesh is the most popular place on the bank of the Penna river.

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