12 Endemic and Endangered Species Found Only in India

Endangered and Endemic species of wild animals found only in India are Asiatic Lion in Gir Forest National Park,Sangai deer at Keibul Lamjao National Park, Nilgiri Tahr and Lion Tailed Macaque at Western Ghats of India.

Native wild animals of Indian subcontinent are great Indian rhinoceros,Critically Endangered Gharial, hoolock gibbon,Ganga River Dolphin, Chinkara,Blackbuck, Saara hardwickii,Indian star tortoise, Indian bison,Assam roofed turtle and Mugger crocodile.

What are some endemic species of India?

Here is the list of wild animals only found in India, Endangered and Endemic.

Asiatic Lion, Gir Forest


Asiatic Lion also known as the Indian lions are listed as endangered and only found in and around Gir Forest National Park of Gujarat. Gujarat Lion is one of five big cats inhabit India others being the Bengal Tiger and Indian Leopards.

Sangai Deer, Loktak Lake


Sangai also called as brow antlered deer is endemic and endangered species of deer, found only in Keibul Lamjao National Park of Manipur. The Keibul Lamjao park is a marshy wetland located at the south parts of the Loktak Lake.

Lion Tailed Macaque, Western Ghats


Lion Tailed Macaque is India’s endangered primate species and also ranks among the rarest and most threatened monkey, endemic to the Western Ghats of South India.

Kashmir Stag, Kashmir Valley

Kashmir Stag also known as Hangul is the only species of elk native to India and found in dense riverine forests of Dachigam National Park, Kashmir Valley of Jammu & Kashmir and Chamba in Himachal Pradesh.

Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri Hills


Nilgiri Tahr is a wild sheep species, Endangered and endemic to the Nilgiri Hills of the Western Ghats. The Nilgiri ibex closely related to the sheep, inhabits the open montane grassland habitat in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Purple Frog, Western Ghats

Purple Frog found only in the rainforest of Western Ghats in India and spends most of its life underground. These uniquely purple frogs are also known as pignose frog.

Pygmy Hog, Assam


Pygmy Hog is the critically endangered species of suid and now only found in Assam. These smallest wild pig or Piglets are the only member of the genus Porcula.

Bronzeback Vine Snake, Western Ghats

Bronze headed vine snake or Western Ghats bronzeback is a grassland snake and mildly venomous species of bronzeback snake, found largely in the Nilgiri Hills of the Western Ghats.

Nilgiri Blue Robin, Nilgiri Mountain

Nilgiri Blue Robin is endangered and endemic to the Shola forest of southern India. This small passerine bird found to occur only above 1200 m altitude in high altitude grasslands of Western Ghats.

Malabar Civet, Western Ghats


Malabar Large Spotted Civet are largest species of viverrid, endemic to the Western Ghats of India. Malabar Civet are nocturnal and listed as critically endangered.

Anaimalai Gliding Frog, Anaimalai Hills

Anaimalai flying frog also known as false Malabar gliding frog is endemic to the Anaimalai Hills of Tamil Nadu and threatened by habitat loss.

Namdapha Flying Squirrel, Arunachal Pradesh

Namdapha Flying Squirrel is endemic to northeastern India and found only in Namdapha National Park of Arunachal Pradesh. The arboreal and nocturnal squirrel population is not known.

Endemic Species of Wild Animals Found in Indian Subcontinent

Endemic species of wild animals found in India also include below list, Some of these wild species are categorize as Critically Endangered and Vulnerable by the IUCN due to poaching and habitat loss.

Madras Hedgehog
Hispid Hare
Nilgiri Marten
Golden Langur
Capped Langur
Nilgai Blue Bull
Nilgiri Langur
Bonnet Macaque
Brown Palm Civet
Indian Wild Ass
Indian Giant Squirrel
Black Footed Gray Langur

Endemic wild species of India also include Gooty tarantula,Fan Throated Lizard,tokay gecko and Common krait snake. The Indian Subcontinent is home to 25 species of deers, 15 Species of Monkeys,15 Species of Cat Family members,6 Species of Bears and 5 species of canid.

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