The Savanna and Serengeti Grasslands Ecosystems in India

The Savanna and Serengeti of India includes narrow lowland ecoregion of the Himalayas,the Ganges and the Brahmaputra River Basin,Little and Great Rann of Kutch and Western Ghats montane rain forests. Below five major Grasslands Ecosystem of India are home to wide range of native flora and fauna, the ecoregion is rich in varieties of flowers,plants,birds and wildlife.

Terai Grasslands


The Terai is belt of marshy grasslands, savannas and green forests in Indian subcontinent,located at the outer foothills of the Himalaya, the Siwalik Hills,the Ganges and Brahmaputra Plain. Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands ecoregion in India are Valmiki and Dudhwa National Parks and home to a number of wild animals greater one-horned rhinoceros,wild water buffalo and reptiles including the gharial, mugger crocodile and soft-shelled turtles.

Bugyal Grasslands


Bugyal is a high altitude alpine grass lands in Uttarakhand also known as nature’s own gardens with green grass and seasonal flowers. The Bugyal alpine meadows are snow-covered in winter and during the summer burst into beautiful flowers and grass. Nandadevi National Park and Biosphere Reserve,Valley of Flowers Biosphere Reserve,Dayara Bugyal in Roopkund,Kushkalyan Bugyal in Tungnath are very fragile ecosystems in India. Image Source: Wiki

Khajjiar Grasslands


Khajjiar is a small plateau in Chamba district Himachal Pradesh and surrounded by green meadows and dense forests. Grasslands of Khajjiar is covered by dense deodar and fir forest lies in the path of the Ravi River and offers numerous trekking opportunities. Kalatop Khajjiar Sanctuary is best animal sanctuary at Kalatop and Khajjiar to spot Himalayan Black Marten,Himalayan bear and species of deers,wild Goats and antelope.

Banni Grasslands


The Banni grasslands is grassland ecosystem on the edge of the desert of marshy salt of Rann of Kutch,spread across an area of 3,847 square kilometres. Banni Grasslands are known for rich wildlife,biodiversity and supports numerous animal genetic resources like Banni buffalo, Kankrej Cattle, Sheep, Goat, Camel and horse. Banni Grasslands Reserve has identified as one of the last remaining habitats of the Cheetah in India and the only reintroduction site.

Shola Grasslands


Shola is tropical montane forest found in rolling hills and valleys in the higher montane regions of South India. The shola and grassland found in the higher altitude hill regions of the Nilgiris, Kanyakumari and in the Western Ghats ranges of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Shola forests are home to many threatened and endemic species such as endangered Nilgiri tahr,Lion-tailed macaque,25 types of trees, reptiles,the amphibians and 300 species of birds Laughingthrushes, Nilgiri woodpigeons and Nilgiri flycatcher.

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