Geography of India varied from a land frontier to a long coastline bounded by the Oceans,Islands,Himalayan mountain and deeply forested hill regions. The geographical features of India has seven wonders,heritage sites and must see natural places such as Great Indian Desert Thar,snow capped Himalayas, Nilgiri mountains,Beautiful Lakes of Ladakh and Peaks of western ghats, Famous waterfalls includes Jog Falls,Hoggenakal Falls, Thoseghar waterfall,Shivanasamudra Falls and Chitrakote Falls. 26 Geological wonders of India also includes Rock formation includes Elephant’s Head Point Mahabaleshwar,Lingana Pinnacle,Louisa Point Matheran,Pillar rocks Kodaikanal,Bhedaghat Marble Rocks,Natural Arch Tirumala hills and balancing rock of Mahabalipuram.
Goa is home to some incredibly scenic beaches comprises of 54 sea beaches ,located on the western coast of India. The exotic beaches of Goa is visited by large numbers of international tourists every year.
Kerala Backwaters is the most popular tourist attraction of the country, few of them are state’s trade highway and national waterways of India. The network of backwaters includes large lakes,many rivers and canals, lying parallel to the Arabian sea coast. This chain of brackish lagoons and lakes have a unique ecosystem and home to unique species of aquatic fauna.
Majuli Island of Assam is the largest river island created by Brahmaputra River and Subansiri River, situated 20 km from Jorhat. The island is home to many rare and endangered avifauna species including migratory birds Adjutant Storks, Siberian crane and Pelican.
Dudhsagar Waterfall is also known as Sea of Milk is a four-tiered waterfall, located in the Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary of Goa. The falls is surrounded by a deciduous forest of Western ghats and home to rich bio diversity.
Loktak Lake of Manipur state is the largest freshwater lake in India,located near Moirang and mostly famous for the floating phumdis. This ancient lake also host the only floating national park in the world, Keibul Lamjao which is solo home of the endangered sangai or Manipur brow-antlered deer.
Sundarban swamp forest is the largest single block of mangrove on the Ganges Delta and is the largest reserves forest for the Bengal tigers in India. The park is part of the Biosphere reserve and a rich wildlife habitat for the swamp tiger,fishing cat,brown-winged kingfishers,mudskipper, olive ridley turtles, sea snakes and dog faced water snake.
Banni grasslands is outer section of marshy salt of Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, known for rich wildlife and biodiversity. The grassland is declared as protected forest under the status of reserve forest in India and one of the last remaining habitats to reintroduction of the cheetah in India.
Valley of Flowers is a national park and part of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, located in the Himalayas of Uttarakhand. The Valley of Flowers is a high-altitude Himalayan valley known for its meadows of endemic alpine and rare and endangered animals including brown bear, snow leopard blue sheep and musk deer.
Savandurga Monolith Hill of Karnataka is one of the largest monolith hills in Asia, Located at a distance of 33 km from Bangalore. Hills of Savandurga are one of the worth visiting place for trekking and best weekend getaways near Bangalore city.
Havelock Islands is the most picturesque natural paradise islands with white sandy beaches,lush green forest and coral reefs. The island has become a popular destination for honeymooners and one of the most preferred snorkelling and Scuba Diving destination in India.
Sambhar Salt Lake of Rajasthan is India’s largest inland salt lake and developed as a new tourist attraction in the state. The lakes area also has by a 5.1 km long dam and is the source of most of Rajasthan’s salt production.
Bedini Bugyal is a high altitude alpine meadow,situated at an elevation of 3,354 metres in Himalaya of Chamoli Uttarakhand. This famous and adventure destination of Uttarakhand is one of the most romantic spots in the Himalayas and one of the finest meadow in India.
Lonar Lake of Maharashtra is one of the must see natural wonders of India,located at Lonar in Buldhana district. The amazing Lake of Lonar Crater is the world’s oldest meteoric crater and also the largest basaltic rock crater.
Natural Arch at Tirumala hills is distinctive geological feature, located near the Chakra Teertham in Andhra Pradesh. The arch is one of the few natural arches bridges in Asia and one of the 26 geological wonders of India.
Gurudongmar Lake is one of the known frozen lakes in Sikkim and one of the highest lakes in the world,situated at an altitude of 17,800 ft. The lake remains frozen during winter months and considered sacred by Buddhists and Sikhs.
Nohkalikai Falls is the tallest plunge waterfall in India, located near the wettest places on Earth, Cherrapunji. Meghalaya is one of the beautiful state of Northeast India, famous for photogenic waterfalls, longest natural caves and two wettest places on Earth.
Table Top Land is a mountain pleateau in Panchgani, situated at an elevation of 4550 feet above sea level near Mahabaleshwar hill station. Tableland plateau is the highest part of Panchgani and among one of the most visited tourist spots in Maharashtra.
Chilika Lake is the largest coastal brackish water lagoon in India and one of the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian sub-continent. The lagoon has unique eco-system and designated as first wetland of international importance under the ramsar convention sites in India. Chilika Lake is also home to 14 types of raptors,waders,waterfowl and endangered Irrawaddy dolphins.
The great Banyan Tree or Thimmamma Marrimanu is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh and its branches spread over 5 acres of land. Thimmamma Marrimanu of antapur district is recorded as the biggest tree in the guinness book of world records.
Matheran Hill Station of Maharashtra is India’s tiniest hill station. The beautiful and panoramic hill station is located on the Western Ghats range at an elevation of around 2,625 feet and declared as Asia’s only automobile-free hill station.
Snow Valley of Kashmir is the most beautifull place in India,located between the Karakoram and the Pir Panjal Range. Kashmir also known as Paradise on Earth, is known for its captivating beauty and surrounding highlands.
Khajjiar is one of the most famous hill station of Himachal Pradesh,popularly called as Mini Switzerland of India. The hill station is surrounded by green meadows and Pines and Devdar trees forest.
Bhitarkanika Mangroves ecosystem is India’s second largest mangrove wetland, situated in Odisha state. The mangroves of Bhitarkanika has one of India’s largest populations of saltwater crocodiles and Gahirmatha Beach bounds the Bhitarkanika wildlife sanctuary is world’s largest nesting beach for olive ridley turtle.
The Great Indian Desert Thar is one of the world’s largest desert land,located at northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. Thar Desert covered by huge shifting sand dunes and has diversified habitat for birds species including eagles, harriers, falcons, buzzards, kestrel and vultures.
Varkala Beach of Kerala is one of the most popular tourism destination in Kerala, lies on the outskirts of Thiruvananthapuram district. The beach is the only place in southern Kerala where cliffs are found adjacent to the Arabian Sea and counted as one of the 26 geological wonders of India.
Great Rann of Kutch along with the Little Rann of Kutch and the Banni grasslands is one of the largest salt desert in the world. The area is one of the hottest areas of India and marsh is one of the protected areas for rich wildlife such as Indian wild ass,greater and lesser flamingos.
Ladakh is actually the land of passes,blessed with the most elevated mountain passes of India. Khardung La is one of the mountain pass located in the Ladakh region and that it is the world’s highest motor-able pass.
Borra Caves are considered as the deepest cave in India,located on the East Coast of India in Visakhapatnam district in Andhra Pradesh. The caves are situated in the beautiful Araku Valley of the Ananthagiri hill and one of the largest cave in the country.
Anamudi Peak of Kerala is the highest peak in the Western Ghats at an elevation of 2,695 metres and home to the largest surviving population of the Nilgiri tahr. Anamudi is also the highest point in South India and the summit of Anamudi is the highest peak in India outside Himalaya range.
Shola grassland and forest are found mainly in the valleys and in the higher montane regions of South India. The rolling grasslands on the Brahmagiri Hills of Karnataka and Kerala are home to many threatened and endemic species including endangered Nilgiri tahr,Nilgiri woodpigeons and Pogeyan Cat.