Here is the list of known and unknown incredible facts about longest, largest, tallest, biggest and highest in India. The Republic of India has several official national symbols, follow the link to know more.
Bhakra and Nangal are two separate dams, together are called Bhakra-Nangal Dam of Himachal Pradesh and forms the Gobind Sagar reservoir.
Tehri Dam of Uttarakhand is the tallest and highest in India, height of 261 meters and the eighth tallest dam in the world.
Hirakud Dam of Odisha is the longest dam in India across the Mahanadi river with total length of 25.8 km
Indirasagar Dam on the Narmada river in the Khandwa districtin of Madhya Pradesh holds the largest reservoir in India, followed by Nagarjuna Sagar reservoir and Bhakra Dam Gobind Sagar reservoir.
Indira Gandhi Canal is the longest canal of India with total length of 204 km, flowing through Punjab and Rajasthan state.
The Ganges is the longest river of India that covers distance of 2,525 km and flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh.
Brahmaputra River has a total length of 2,628 km and Indus has 3,610 km two more rivers but the distances cover within India is less than Ganga.
Wular Lake in the state of Jammu and Kashmir is a natural lake and also largest freshwater lake in India, followed by Vembanand lake in Kerala.
Chilika Lake of Odisha is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the Pulicat lake of Andhra Pradesh is the second largest brackish water lagoon in India.
Sambhar Lake of Rajasthan is the largest inland salt water lake of India.
Vembanad Kol lake is the longest lake in India and largest lake of Kerala.
The Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta is the largest delta in India that empties into the Bay of Bengal and also form the world’s largest mangrove ecoregion called Sundarbans mangroves in West Bengal.
Gorakhpur railway station platform in Uttar Pradesh with a length of 1,366 m is the longest railway platforms in India, followed by Kollam Junction railway platform and Kharagpur Railway Platform of West Bengal
Mughalsarai Junction railway station contains the largest railway marshaling yard in Asia.
Bailey Yard is the largest railroad classification yard in the world.
Willingdon Island is the largest artificial island in India and home for the Port of Kochi.
Cochin Shipyard is the largest shipbuilding and maintenance facility in India.
Hindon Air Force Station in Ghaziabad is the biggest and largest air base in India and also in Asia.
Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus is the largest bus Terminus in India and also in Asia.
Millennium Park Bus Depot of Delhi is the biggest and largest bus depot in India and also the largest bus depot in the world.
Indira Gandhi International Airport is the largest International Airport in India followed by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport.
Jawaharlal Nehru port or Nhava Shev in Mumbai is the largest container port in India.
Vivek Express from Dibrugarh in Assam to Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu is the longest route on the Indian Railways network.
Pavagada Solar Park in Karnataka will be the world’s biggest solar park with total capacity of 2,000 MW.
Muppandal Wind Farm in Tamil Nadu is the India’s largest operational onshore wind farm with capacity of 1,500 MW.
Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel 11.215 km is India’s longest railway tunnel between Quazigund and Banihal in Jammu and Kashmir.
Gatimaan Express is currently the highest speed train in India with a top speed of 160 km/h.
Chenani Nashri Tunnel road tunnel in Jammu and Kashmir on NH 44 is the longest road tunnel in India with a length of 9.28 km.
The Vembanad Rail Bridge of Kerala with a total length of 4,620 metres is the longest railway bridge in India dedicated solely for freight.
Dhola Sadiya Bridge or Bhupen Hazarika Setu in Assam is the longest road bridge in India with a total length of 9.15 km, followed by Dibang River Bridge across Dibang river in Arunachal Pradesh.
Agra Lucknow Expressway of 302 km is the longest expressway in India between the cities of Agra and Lucknow.
P.V. Narasimha Rao Expressway is 11.6 km long elevated road and longest elevated expressway in India.
Chenab Bridge across the Chenab river in Jammu and Kashmir will be the highest rail bridge in India at a height of 359 m.
Ghum railway station of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway is the highest railway station in India.
Kunchikal Falls of Karnataka state is the highest waterfalls in India and also the second Biggest waterfall in Asia.
Nohkalikai Falls is the tallest plunge waterfall in India located near Cherrapunji, followed by Jog Falls
The 42 (268 metres) residential skyscraper in Kolkata is currently the tallest building in India, Imperial Tower (256 metres) of Mumbai is currently the second tallest building in India.
Three Sixty West at height of 361.2 metres is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Mumbai and will be the tallest building in India once complete.
Rameswaram TV Tower is the tallest TV Tower in India standing at 323 metres and also the tallest structure in India.
Fateh Burj of 328 ft is the tallest minar in India situated just outside Mohali.
Qutub minar is the tallest brick minaret in India made by red sandstone and marble with an height of 237.8 ft
Statue of Unity (182 m) is the tallest statue in India and also in the world with an height of 182m, followed by Veera Abhaya Anjaneya Hanuman Swami in Andhra Pradesh.
Hemis National Park of Jammu and Kashmir is the largest national park of India that covers an area of 4400 square km, followed by Desert National Park of Rajasthan and Simlipal National Park of Odisha.
The saltwater crocodile is the largest living reptile in India reaches maximum 19.7 ft, Bhitarkanika national park of Odisha is home to large Saltwater crocodile in India.
Indian Elephant is the biggest and tallest wild animal in India and also the largest land mammal.
Sarus crane is the tallest flying bird in India, a non migratory bird found in parts of the Indian Subcontinent that standing at a height of 5 ft 11 in.
The King Cobra is the longest venomous snake in India that grow up to 18.8 ft, Mostly found in Western Ghats of Karnataka and Kerala.
The hoolock gibbon is the only species of Ape found in India at the south of Brahmaputra river of Assam and in the forests of the North East India that also supports highest diversity of primates in India.
Goonch Catfish is the largest species of catfish found in India that reaches up to 6.6 ft in length, found mostly in Himalayan rivers of India.
Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple of Tamil Nadu is the largest Hindu temple in India located in Srirangam.
Madhya Pradesh state has the largest forest cover in India 77,522 sq. km. in terms of area, followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Chhatthisgarh and Mizoram.
Veera Abhaya Anjaneya Hanuman Swami is the tallest statue of Lord Hanuman (135 ft) in Andhra Pradesh.
Shiva of Murudeshwara is the tallest statue of Shiva (121 ft) in India and second tallest statue of Lord Shiva in the world.
Adiyogi Shiva statue (112 ft) is the largest and tallest face in the world.
Gomateswara Bahubali is the tallest free standing monolithic statue in the world.
National Highway 44 (New Numbering) former NH 7 is the longest-running national highway in India with a total of 3745 km, starts from Srinagar and terminates in Kanyakumari.
Boeing C-17 Globemaster used by the Indian Air Force is the biggest and largest aircraft in India, Another one is Boeing 777-300ER operated by Jet Airways.
Kanchenjungha is the highest mountain and highest peak in India, located at the border of Sikkim and Nepal and also the third highest peak in the world.
Mount Everest – 8,848 m
K2 – 8,611 m
Kanchenjunga – 8,586 m
Nanda Devi – 7,816 m
Anamudi mountain peak is the highest peak in the Kerala and South India and also the highest point in India south of Himalayas known as Everest of South India.
Rajasthan is the largest state in India in terms of area followed by Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
Kumbh Mela is the largest peaceful gatherings in the world and biggest fair in India.
Sonpur Cattle Fair of Bihar is the biggest cattle fair of India and also the biggest cattle fair of Asia.
Chittaurgarh Fort is the largest fort of India and the grandest in the state of Rajasthan, followed by Mehrangarh Fort.
The great wall of Kumbhalgarh fort in Rajasthan is known as Great wall of India and second longest wall in the world.
The Thimmamma Marrimanu banyan tree located in Andhra Pradesh is the largest tree specimen in the world.
Raj Mandir Cinema movie theatre in Jaipur is the biggest movie theater in India, known for its large size as well as symbol of Jaipur.
Delhi Gurgaon toll plaza is the India’s largest or perhaps Asia’s largest toll plaza.
Salt Lake Stadium of Kolkata is the largest stadium in India and one of the largest football stadium in the world.
LuLu International Shopping Mall of Kerala is the largest shopping malls in India with an area of 2,500,000 sq ft.
Savandurga hills in Karnataka is considered to be among the largest monolith hills in Asia.
Marina Beach in Chennai is the longest natural urban beach in India, With a length of 13 km, including a 6 km promenade.
Muzhappilangad Beach of Kerala is the longest Drive-In Beach in India and also in Asia.
Arunachal Pradesh state of India is known as as The Land of the Rising Sun and receives the first sun rays in India.
Mawlynnong village of Meghalaya is the cleanest village in India and also cleanest in Asia.
The Maravanthe beach of Karnataka’s is the most beautiful beaches of India and the only one of its kind in India.
Majuli Island in Assam is the largest river Island in India formed by the Brahmaputra river.
The Vembanad Kol Wetland of Kerala is the largest wetland in India and forms one of the most unique wetland topography of Kerala.
Loktak Lake in Manipur and adjacent Keibul Lamjao National Park is the only floating national park in India and solo home of endangered Sangai deer.
Gir national park of Gujarat is the only home of Asiatic Lions in India and lion population as counted in August 2017 – 650 individuals lions in the wild.
There are 50 tiger reserves in India which are home to 70 percent of tigers in the world and 3,890 is total number of wild tiger population in India as per 2016 counting.
Nagarjunsagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve is the largest tiger reserve in India, spreads over districts of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
Krem Liat Prah Meghalaya is the longest natural cave in India with current length of about 34 kilometers.
Borra Caves in Visakhapatnam district in Andhra Pradesh are considered the deepest caves in India.
Out of top ten longest and deepest caves in India, the first nine caves are in Meghalaya and tenth is in Mizoram.
The southern birdwing is the largest butterfly of India more common in the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot and also the state butterfly of Karnataka and blue Mormon swallowtail butterfly is the state butterfly of Maharashtra.
The Attacus atlas is the largest moth found in India, endemic to the forests of India and Asia, followed by Indian moon moth.
Umling La Pass in Ladakh is the highest motorable road in India and also in the world at 19300 feet height and has overtaken Dungri La – 18,399 ft Khardung La Pass -17,582 ft.
Gujarat state forms the longest coastline of all Indian states of 1214.7 km, followed by Andhra Pradesh.
Tso Lhamo Lake or Cholamu lake is the highest lakes in India at an altitude of 17,490 ft in Sikkim.
Gurudongmar Lake is another highest lakes in Sikkim fed by glaciers and source of the Teesta river.
Haridra Nadhi of Tamil Nadu is the largest temple tank in India and also the largest tank among all of the Hindu temple.
Gopurams means temple tower, The Srirangam Temple houses the tallest gopuram in India followed by the Murdeshwara temple tower.
National Museum of New Delhi is the largest museum in India and also house largest collection of antiques and ornaments.
Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park is the largest zoo park in India,followed by Arignar Anna Zoological Park or Vandalur Zoo which is also largest zoological garden in India, first public zoo in India that spreads over an area of 602 hectares.
Saussurea obvallata is the real Brahma Kamal, found in the Himalaya regions of India and also in the Valley of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
Epiphyllum oxypetalum is the orchid cactus that blooms rarely and only at night, also known as Brahma Kamal in India.
Passiflora incarnata commonly known as passionflower and also known as Krishna Kamal in India.