10 Most Unique Wild Animals Found in Indonesia

Indonesias islands are known for high levels of biodiversity and endemicity of wild animals and birds. Sundaland of Indonesia includes Sumatra, Java and Borneo islands are home to most rare and unique wild animals such as Javan hawk eagle, Indonesian Merak,Maleo bird,Siau Island tarsier,Banteng,King Cobra and Javan Slow Loris.

Sumateran Tiger


Sumatran Tigers are one of the most vanishing species of wild animal and listed as critically endangered tiger subspecies. The Sumatran tiger inhabits the Indonesian island of Sumatra and only 441 Sumatran Tigers left in the wild.

Komodo Dragon


Komodo Dragon is the largest living lizards in the world, found in the Indonesian islands of Komodo and Padar. The lizards are carnivores and an apex predator of  the ecosystems in which they live.

Anoa Buffalo


Anoa Buffalo species native to Indonesia and live in undisturbed rainforest of Sulawesi and island of Buton. Two species of anoa, mountain anoa and lowland anoa are similar in appearance and classified as endangered.

Javan Rhinoceros


Javan Rhinoceros are the smallest member of family Rhinocerotidae, found only in the islands of Java and Sumatra. The Javan rhino was confirmed as extinct in 2011 but again found in the western tip of Java in Indonesia.

Sumatran Orangutan


Sumatran Orangutan is a critically endangered species of orangutans, Found only on the island of Sumatra. Wild Sumatran orangutans are primarily frugivores and only survive in the province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.

Borneo Elephant


Borneo Elephants are listed as endangered and threatened by habitat loss and degradation. Elephants are also called pygmy elephant, inhabiting only rainforest in north Borneo.



Maleo Bird is the only member megapode and endemic to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. The maleo birds are endangered and one of the rare and unique wild animal found in Indonesian islands.



Babirusa is a pig like animal native to the Indonesian islands of Sulawesi, Togian, Sula and Buru. Babirusa are very unique animal of the new world and notable for the long upper canines in the males.

Black Macaque


Celebes Crested Macaque are known as black macaque, lives in the Tangkoko reserve in Sulawesi island of Indonesia. Black Macaques are an old World monkey and hunted down and slaughtered for bushmeat.

Sunda Clouded Leopard


Sunda Clouded Leopard is the newest big cat species, found in two Indonesian islands of Borneo and Sumatra. clouded leopard is the largest cat in Borneo island and hunts mainly on the ground.


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