15 Common Ornamental Trees for Landscaping India

Here is the list of most common ornamental trees and garden plants in India with common name and picture. Popular ornamental garden plants and trees of India also include Ashoka tree, flame trees, Indian Cork tree, African Tulip Tree, Sago palm, Nerium oleander and very rare African Sausage tree.

Plumeria Alba

Plumeria_plant

Plumeria Alba is the most common evergreen white flowering ornamental plant from dogbane family, also includes Plumeria rubra or frangipani,Plumeria pudica and Pink Plumeria.

Champa

The white with a yellow in center flowers of Plumeria blooms with lovely spiral shaped appearance and known as Champa in India, used in ritual offerings to the deities or to make necklaces.

Pride of India

pride_of_India

Lagerstroemia speciosa is a medium sized tree and the flowers blooms only once in a year during the peak of summer, known as pride of India.

The ornamental plant grown in India and South East Asia, where its leaves are used as a herb for tea preparation and also in traditional medicine.

Golden Rain Tree

Shower-Tree

The golden shower flowering tree or Amalatas is native to the Indian subcontinent and is the state flower of Kerala. Golden rain tree is the most popular ornamental plant in India blooms in late spring and also used as herbal in Ayurvedic medicine.

Flamboyant Flame Tree

Gulmohar_Flower

The flamboyant or Gulmohar is one of the several flame trees found in India where grown as an ornamental tree. Gulmohar ornament tree is the most common flowering tree of India and also has several medicinal uses.

Fishtail Palm

fishtail-palm

Caryota urens or Fishtail palm tree is a flowering palm from the Indian Subcontinent where they grow in fields, gardens and roadside for landscaping.

Whistling Pine

Whistling Pine

Casuarina equisetifolia or Australian pine tree is the most common seashore tree in India, planted for windbreak and known for cone like fruits.

False Ashoka Tree

Ashok_tree

Polyalthia longifolia is a evergreen tree native to India, planted to reduce noise pollution and known to grow over 30 ft in height. The False ashoka tree or Indian mast trees are used for ornamental in gardens throughout India.

Christmas Tree

Christmas-tree

Christmas tree is one of the most common name of triangle pine tree although it is not a true pine. Because of the distinctive appearance of this tree, it is grown as houseplants, outdoors and gardens as ornamental trees.

Giants Thuja

Thuja

Giants Thuja green evergreen tree or Morpankhi is one of the five species of cedars that are native to eastern Asia. The conifers tree widely cultivated as an ornamental plant and particularly used in the horticultural trade.

Devil Tree

Bengal_Tree

The devil tree or Alstonia scholaris also known as saptparni or shaitan tree in India, is the state tree of West Bengal and one of the most common gardens and landscapes tree in India. Alstonia scholaris flowers are beautiful and very fragrant that blooms once in year during the the month of October.

Red Bottle Brush

Red-BottleBrush-flower

Red Bottle Brush is a medium sized woody plant which was endemic to Australia but now cultivated in many other regions of the world. The bottlebrushes flowering trees are used in ornamental landscaping in India and elsewhere in the world.

Weeping Fig

Fig-tree

The Ficus benjamina plant or weeping fig tree are the most common flowering plant in India and very popular houseplant as well as among the most popular plants for indoor bonsai.

Bottle Palm

The bottle palm tree was naturally endemic coast of Mauritius but now cultivated in other regions and one of the most popular indoor plant when smaller and garden plant for landscaping.

Bamboo Plant

bamboo

Bamboo plants are exotic and extremely durable plants seen in many gardens of landscaping or gardening. Bamboos are one of the fastest growing plants in the world and giant timber bamboos are largest members of the grass family.

Indian Tulip Tree/African Tulip Tree

African-Tulip

Thespesia populnea commonly found in South India, otherwise known as Portia Tree. Indian tulip tree and African tulip tree are two popular ornamental garden tree or street tree in India.

The white sky flower, Duranta erecta is one of the most popular and cultivated as an ornamental plant for gardens and also marketed as a hedge plant.