Indian states are full of canals used for irrigation and as water transport in different parts of the country. These water transports of India play a very important role in irrigation of crops in drought region of India such as Rajasthan and Tamilnadu. Indian governments has launched many projects for rivers Inter link and National Waterways.
Upper Ganges Canal
The Upper Ganges Canal is the main canal of Ganges canal system projects, which starts Haridwar to Aligarh district via Meerut and Bulandshahr. The 1412 Km long Upper Ganges Canal is use to irrigates the Doab region of India.
Indira Gandhi Canal
The Indira Gandhi Canal is the longest canal in India and the largest irrigation project in the world. Indira Gandhi Canal is 649 km long and consists of Rajasthan feeder canal and Rajasthan main canal and runs through 167 km in Punjab and Haryana and remaining 492 km in Rajasthan. The canal is one of the project of Green revolution in India and also runs through The Great Thar Desert.
The Buckingham Canal is a fresh water canal runs from Vijayawada to Villupuram District in Tamil Nadu. Buckingham Canal is second longest canal in India with an length of 421.55 km runs, along with Coromandel Coast of India. It connect most of the water bodies like Pulicat Lake,Krishna River and the port of Chennai.
Sutlej Yamuna Link Canal
The Sutlej Yamuna link canal also known as SYL is a major project to connect the Sutlej and Yamuna rivers. Sutlej Yamuna link canal is 214-km long freight canal which will create important commercial links to India. The Sutlej Yamuna waterway is 90 percentage completed but the remaining 10 is still remaining.
The Sharda Canal is the longest canal in Uttar Pradesh along with its several branches it form a network of canals. Sharda Canal is located in the Pilibhit district and has a total length of 938 Km including all branches.