Cobra snake of India are one of the big four highly venomous snake species, responsible for most snakebites on humans in India. Spectacled cobra or Nag is native to the Indian subcontinent and other species Asiatic cobras are Monocled cobra, Indochinese spitting cobra and Javan spitting cobra.
There are list more species of Cobra snakes in the world but not found in India, such as Forest Cobra,Mozambique spitting cobra, yellow color Cape cobra,venomous Egyptian cobra, Rinkhals,Philippine cobra and Javan spitting cobra.
There are only three known species of Cobra Snakes found in India, Known as Spectacled Cobra and Monocled Cobra. King Cobra is not a true cobra snake and Philippine Cobra not found in India.
Indian cobra is found in the wide range of habitats, mostly found in agricultural lands, wetlands, dense or open forests and also in urban areas.
Spectacled Cobra is known as the Indian Cobra can be always seen with snake charmers during the Hindu festival of Nag Panchami and Naagula Chavithi.
The spectacled cobra colour and patterns are varies throughout its range in Indian subcontinent, Most common colour are yellow, black, grey, brown and very rare reddish.
Monocled cobra is one of the known cobra species found in India along with Spectacled Cobra, And reported that some of the monocled cobra found in India have the ability to spit venom, so called as Monocled spitting cobra.
Caspian cobra species is endemic to Central Asia including India and found from the Kashmir region to Himachal Pradesh. The Central Asian cobra species is the most venomous cobra in the world, Even ahead of Philippine cobra species of spitting cobra.
Andaman cobra is endemic to the islands of Andaman in India, Has smallest known range of geographic area but also found along with the surrounding islands. It is also one of the highly highly venomous, dangerous and deadliest snake species of India.
King Cobra species of snake does not belong to the Naja genus and also not a true cobra snake but the only member of its own genus called Ophiophagus. The longest venomous snake is the apex predator of its habitat and range, mostly feeds on other snakes including Indian Cobra, Rat snake, lizards and rodents.
Philippine Cobra, Indonesian Cobra, Equatorial Spitting Cobra and Indochinese Spitting Cobra are few more highly venomous species of spitting cobra found native to the different regions of the Asia.