Deforestation,lack of natural prey and habitat loss has forced wild animals of India to live closely with human settlement and prey on domestic livestock. There are number incident have been reported about wild animal attacks on humans in India, Maximum human wildlife conflict situations has been recorded in Karnataka, Kerala,Maharashtra,Gujarat and Uttarakhand.
Tiger is the most magnificent wild animal of India and one of the world’s top 12 most deadliest wild animal. Because of Human–Wildlife Conflict in India,Tigers are responsible for killing most humans lives in the country.
The frequency of Leopard attacks on humans are regularly reported only in India. Human–leopard conflict kill more humans in the states of Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand.
An Indian Lion attacked and killed a labor in Amreli district of Gujarat. The man-animal conflict near Gir described as rarest of the rare and these attacks to be the first of their kind in the state.
Most of the Elephant attack have been reported from South India, especially from Kerala where Elephants being worshiped in state. Elephants are in the culture of Kerala and temples traditional ritual performed with Elephants an auspicious day. Around 300 people have been killed annually in human-elephant conflict in India.
Human-Sloth Bear conflict is one of the most common wild news in the state of Chhattisgarh. Sloth bear of India are more inclined to attack humans when defending its territory.
Man-eaters have been a history for India, especially in Kumaon, Garhwal and the Sundarbans mangrove swamps of Bengal. Tiger and Leopards of India that preys upon humans are known as man eaters wild animals of India. India’s last maneaters and killer tigers are found in Sundarbans, one of the largest single populations of tigers in India
Snake bites kill 45,000 Indians every year, by the Big Four venomous snakes of India. Indian venomous snakes includes Common Krait,Indian Cobra,Russell’s viper and Saw-scaled viper.
Road Kill of wild animals is the new enemy to India’s wildlife, Lack of prey pushing animals such as Leopards,jackal,wolf and other nocturnal wild animals towards the cities.
Poaching and hunting of India’s majestic wild animals for ivory, horn, teeth,skin and bone is the major threat to Indian wildlife. The population of these magnificent wild animals of India is decreasing because of illegal hunting and capturing of wild animals.
Killing incidents of wild animals in India have reported frequently like,villagers have killed one leopard in Assam,Tiger was shot dead, elephants are killed by villagers.
Deforestation,loss of habitat and decline in natural prey are few major reason behind the most of the Human wildlife conflict in India. Human–wildlife conflict between humans and wildlife results in negative impacts on conservation of wildlife.
India has second largest number of Railway tracks in the world and Issue of animal deaths on railways is one of the major concern for the wild life. There are so many incidents of wild animals getting killed by speeding trains like elephants are being killed by speeding trains in north Bengal, Broken Tail Tiger was hit and killed by a Train and a Gaur were knocked down by train.
There was a time when India had most beautiful wild animals such as Cheetah,Aurochs and Sivatherium but due to excessive hunting and poaching for sport and body parts by man, these wild animals have become extinction.