The Dense and dark forest of India are best habitat for the reptiles too ,these forest offers a wide range of home for giant snakes and abundant pray. There are 270 species of snakes in India out of which about 60 are highly venomous. The big four dangerous snakes of India includes Indian cobra, krait,Russell’s viper and Saw-scaled viper. Every year 20000 people die due to venomous snake bites in India.Other facts about snakes of India are, The famous species, the king cobra is the most poisonous Snakes in India and krait is the most deadly and dangerous snake of India. The Indian python is highly arboreal snake and the largest species of snake, commonly found throughout the jungles of India. Rat snake local known as dhamana is a commonly found and non-venomous snake in India, It is one of the fastest snake. There are four best snake park in India,where all these species of snakes along with other reptiles can be spotted.
India’s Big Four Deadliest Indian Snakes to Humans
Indian Cobra: The Indian cobra, known as “Nag” is one of the species of highly venomous snake found throughout India. Indian cobras are found in many habitats but generally prefer open forest edges, fields, and the areas around villages, The Naja Naja feeds on rodents, lizards, and frogs. Indian cobra”The Holy Snake” is associated with the lingam the emblem of Lord Shiva and during ‘Naag-Panchami‘ festival people worship the cobra snake like any other god.
Indian Krait: The Bungarus,commonly referred as kraits is most dangerous venomous snake of India and one of the deadliest snakes of the world. The maximum deaths of common krait per bite is 60, It can be seen in the jungles of India, Krait venom is extremely neurotoxic and induces muscle paralysis,its bite is lethal to man. There are 12 Species and 5 sub-species of Krait Snakes, Some of them are the Indian krait, banded krait and Indian Krait.
Russell’s Viper: The Russell’s viper local name Koriwala, is one of the most venomous snakes in all of India. After the Krait,Russell’s viper is another Big Killer snake in India, accounting for thousands of deaths each year. It is the smallest of the Big Four most dangerous snakes of India,with an average length of 20 cm (4 ft). The dark brown, or brownish-gray deadly snake feeds on Rodents, lizards & small birds.
Saw-Scaled Viper: The Indian saw-scaled viper is a small viper from one of the eight species of small viper venomous snakes family. The saw scaled viper is famous for being one of the most dangerous snakes anywhere it is found. It is a rough scaled snake with large eyes, wider head than neck and stocky body, habitat in sand, rock, soft soil and in scrub lands. It feeds lizards, frogs and a variety of arthropods, such as scorpions, centipedes and large insects.
The King Cobra: The Great King Cobra is the biggest snake in India,with an average length of 13-15 ft. The unique King cobras can reach upto 18 feet (5.5 meters) in length, making them the world’s longest venomous snake. The fierce and agile King cobra habitat rainforest,humid jungle,Thick undergrowth, cool swamps and bamboo clusters forested areas. The largest and powerful snakes physical feature is olive-green, tan, or black with faint, it has pale yellow cross bands down the length of the body. Kerala “the god’s own country” is the home for this beautiful King cobra, along with other reptiles, such as king cobra, viper, python, various turtles and crocodiles.
Indian Pit Viper: The Indian Green Pit Viper is also known as bamboo snake or tree viper, it is one of the most common of the Pit Vipers family, mainly live on arboreal, living in vines, bushes and bamboos. There is a group of snakes that are known as Pit Vipers, Not only are these snakes venomous they also have a very ‘cool’ heat sensing system. The green snake feed frogs,lizards and insects, it grows to a length of 2.5 feet. Another species of pit viper is Malabar pit viper, highly venomous snake found mostly at western ghat of India.