28 States of India has unique animals with common and scientific name, some of the animals and birds are fall in the category of endangered and vulnerable. Here is the ultimate list of state wise animals and birds of India, Also Guwahati has the Gangetic Dolphin as its city Mascot and Chandigarh has used a mongooose as its city Mascot. Image credit – IndiaTimes.
Indian Roller is very commonly seen bird found along roadside trees and wires across India. Largest populations of the species are found within India and several states have chosen it as their state bird.
Indian rhinoceros is listed as Vulnerable because of the loss of important habitat, grassland and riverine forest. The rhino ranged across the entire northern part of the Indian Subcontinent, especially in Assam.
Great Hornbill is the larger member of the hornbill family found in India, With impressive size and colour, the big bird is part of the many tribal cultures and rituals in India, live mainly in evergreen forest of Western Ghats and North East India.
As per the wikipedia, current symbols of Bihar state are Ox, Sparrow, Peepal and Kachnar but in future Gangetic Dolphin will be the state animal of Bihar and the Neelkanth or Indian Roller will be the state bird.
Wild water buffalo is the currently the state animal of Chhattisgarh and Hill myna is the state bird, found mostly through the bastar region of the state.
Indian Bison or the Gaur is a large bovine, biggest populations are found today only in India. Indian bison is the largest species of wild cattle found in world,bigger than the extinct aurochs, and wild water buffalo.
Gujarat is the only place in India where lions are found and Gir national park is the solo home of around 535 Indian lions.
Blackbuck is the fasted land animal found in India, inhabits grassy plains of Rajasthan and slightly forested areas of the other states.
Snow Leopard is one of the species from five big cat family native to the Indian mountain ranges of Himalayas. Great Himalayan National Park of Himachal Pradesh is one of the best place to Snow Leopard in India.
Indian Elephant is listed as endangered and threatened by habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation. Elephants are native to mainland India and is the largest wild animal found in India.
Indian Roller is a beautiful bird of the forest, occurs widely to the Indian Subcontinent and always seen along roadside trees and wires.
Great pied hornbill bird is found across the range of Western Ghats in South and one of the 9 species of hornbill found in India.
Yellow footed green pigeon is the state bird of Maharashtra but Forest owlet may replace the state bird hariyal. This extremely rare bird, Forest Owlet found in Melghat region of Maharashtra.
Asian Paradise Flycatcher is the state bird of Madhya Pradesh, Adult male has long tails with orange and white plumage.
India is home to a large number of deer species,antelopes and wild goat. Sangai Deer is rare and endangered brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur.
Hoolock Gibbon is only species of Ape found in India and the second-largest of the gibbons. Western hoolock gibbon are found in small populations only few hundreds in northeast India.
Clouded Leopard is one of the medium size wild cat found in the North East states of India and classified as Vulnerable because of habitat loss, deforestation and illegal trading.
Gayal also known as mithun is the sometime mistken known as domesticated form of the gaur, gayal is the state animal of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.
Sambhar Deer is the largest deer native to the Indian subcontinent, listed as a vulnerable species and are the favourite prey of Bengal Tigers and Gujarat Lions in India.
Black Buck is the an antelope native to the Indian subcontinent, fall in endangered species due to illegal hunting, heavy poaching and habitat loss. The famous Indian black buck antelope is one of the prettier antelope in India.
Red Panda is also known as red bear-cat, is listed as endangered and is the only living member of the genus.
Great Indian Bustard is the largest spcies of Bustard bird found in India, Listed as Critically Endangered and protected under Wildlife act of India.
The new 28th state for the country, Telangana state has announced the following four icons as the new state symbols Indian Roller as state bird,State animal Deer, Jammi Chettu as state tree and Tangedu flower as state flower.
India is home to large family of monkeys species distributed from evergreen Western Ghats to north east states. The Phayre’s Langur is the state animal of Tripura but species of lutung.
Barasingha or swamp deer is a large deer species distributed in the Indian subcontinent and differs from all other Indian deer species.
Fishing cat is a medium-sized wild cat of mangrove swamps,primarily found in the Himalayan foothills, The finish cat is one of the known species of small wild cat found in India.
Nilgai and house sparrow is the national capital Animal of New Delhi.
Lakshadweep UT animal is Butterfly fish.
Dugong is the symbol of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Puducherry official animal and birds are Squirrel and Asian Koel.
Hangul is the only species of elk found in India, also listed as one of the endangered species of deer found in some specific region of Jammu and Kashmir.